from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • Formerly Per·sia (pûrˈzhə, -shə)Iran A country of southwest Asia. Inhabited since c. 2000 B.C. by Iranian peoples, the region later became the core of the Persian Empire. After being conquered by Alexander the Great and ruled by the Parthian Arsacid dynasty, Persia was reestablished under the Sassanian dynasty (A.D. 224-651) and, after invasions by Arabs (7th century), Turks (10th century), and Mongols (13th-14th centuries), was reestablished again under the Safavid dynasty (1502-1736). The country, officially renamed Iran in 1935, was ruled by the Pahlavi dynasty from 1925 until the ouster of Muhammad Reza Pahlavi (1979) in a revolution led by the Ayatollah Khomeini, who established an Islamic republic. Tehran is the capital and the largest city. Population: 65,400,000.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • proper n. A country in the Middle East known as Persia until 1935. Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The native name of Persia, the name adopted by the modern nation of Iran.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. An abbreviation of Iranian;
  • n. of Iranic.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia; Iran was the core of the ancient empire that was known as Persia until 1935; rich in oil


Sorry, no etymologies found.


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