American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A shallow place in a body of water.
- n. A sandy elevation of the bottom of a body of water, constituting a hazard to navigation; a sandbank or sandbar.
- v. To become shallow: The river shoals suddenly here from eight to two fathoms.
- v. To make shallow: The approach to the harbor was shoaled in the storm.
- v. To come or sail into a shallower part of.
- adj. Having little depth; shallow.
- n. A large group; a crowd.
- n. A large school of fish or other marine animals.
- v. To come together in large numbers; throng.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Shallow; of little depth.
- n. A place where the water of a stream, lake, or sea is of little depth; a sand-bank or bar; a shallow; more particularly, among seamen, a sand-bank which shows at low water: also used figuratively.
- To become shallow, or more shallow.
- Nautical, to cause to become shallow, or more shallow; proceed from a greater into a lesser depth of: as, a vessel in sailing shoals her water.
- n. A great multitude; a crowd; a throng; of fish, a school: as, a shoal of herring; shoals of people.
- To assemble in a multitude; crowd; throng; school, as fish.
- adj. Shallow.
- n. A sandbank or sandbar creating a shallow.
- v. To arrive at a shallow (or less deep) area.
- v. To cause a shallowing; to come to a more shallow part of.
- n. Any large number of persons or things.
- n. A large number of fish (or other sea creatures) of the same species swimming together.
- v. To collect in a shoal; to throng.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A great multitude assembled; a crowd; a throng; -- said especially of fish.
- v. To assemble in a multitude; to throng.
- adj. Having little depth; shallow.
- n. A place where the water of a sea, lake, river, pond, etc., is shallow; a shallow.
- n. A sandbank or bar which makes the water shoal.
- v. To become shallow.
- v. To cause to become more shallow; to come to a more shallow part of.
- n. a stretch of shallow water
- n. a sandbank in a stretch of water that is visible at low tide
- v. become shallow
- n. a large group of fish
- v. make shallow
- 1570, presumably from Middle English *shole ("school of fish"), from Old English sceolu, scolu ("troop or band of people, host, multitude, division of army, school of fish"), from Proto-Germanic *skulō (“crowd”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kʷel- (“crowd, people”). Cognate with West Frisian skoal ("shoal"), Middle Low German schōle ("multitude, troop"), Dutch school ("shoal of fishes"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English shold, shallow, shallows, from Old English sceald, shallow.Probably Middle Low German or Middle Dutch schōle; see skel-1 in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“In 2000, the Korean researchers did experimental tests on 'Tianchi trout' found in shoal waters that measured 85 centimeters in length and weighed 7.7 kilos, but they've never been able to test trout from the deeper waters of Tianchi Lake.”
“To our astonishment, although a considerable distance from land, we were in shoal water the whole of the day, supposed to be a sand-bank, the water by times being quite discoloured.”
“I had success using a minnow-imitation type of bait known as a shoal digger tipped with a small black and chartreuse plastic grub that was presented with a subtle jigging motion.”
“Due south from Alderney about 2 leagues, and near 3 from the isle of Sark, lies a bank, called La Chole, (from the word shoal) which has no more than 12 feet at low water, spring tides.”
“The word shoal, on the other hand, is the term for any simple social grouping of fish. ”
“The western shoal, which is of small extent and rocky and which has a considerable amount of dead shells upon it, is situated near the center, its depth being 29 fathoms.”
“Only on the first shoal, which is in the 'Reed's' station, sir," Mr. Ormsby replied.”
“Notwithstanding the currents, the cooling of the water indicated the existence of the shoal, which is noted in only a very few charts.”
“I have stated that there was a reef to leeward: it should rather be called a shoal, since it was a sort of muddy sand-bank formed by the current of the river, and running diagonally into the sea for a long distance -- a sort of low peninsula.”
“The Telemaque shoal, which is supposed to exist somewhere to the southward of the Cape, but whose situation has never been ascertained, had just before been the subject of their conversation.”
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