Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To observe carefully or critically; inspect: examined the room for clues.
  • transitive v. To study or analyze: examine a tissue sample under a microscope; examine the structure of a novel; examine one's own motives.
  • transitive v. To test or check the condition or health of: examine a patient.
  • transitive v. To determine the qualifications, aptitude, or skills of by means of questions or exercises.
  • transitive v. To question formally, as to elicit facts or information; interrogate: examine a witness under oath. See Synonyms at ask.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To observe or inspect carefully or critically.
  • v. To check the health or condition of something or someone.
  • v. To determine the aptitude, skills or qualifications of someone by subjecting them to an examination.
  • v. To interrogate.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transitive v. To test by any appropriate method; to inspect carefully with a view to discover the real character or state of; to subject to inquiry or inspection of particulars for the purpose of obtaining a fuller insight into the subject of examination, as a material substance, a fact, a reason, a cause, the truth of a statement; to inquire or search into; to explore
  • transitive v. To interrogate as in a judicial proceeding; to try or test by question

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To inspect or survey carefully; look into the state of; scrutinize and compare the parts of; view or observe in all aspects and relations, with the purpose of forming a correct opinion or judgment: as, to examine a ship (to learn whether she is sea-worthy); to examine a composition (for the purpose of correcting its errors).
  • To subject to legal inquisition; put to question in regard to conduct or to knowledge of facts; interrogate: as, to examine a witness or a suspected or accused person.
  • To inquire into the qualifications, capabilities, or progress of, by interrogatories: as, to examine the candidates for a degree, or for a license to practise in a profession; to examine applicants for office or employment.
  • To try or assay by appropriate methods or tests: as, to examine minerals or chemical compounds.
  • To interrogate, catechize.
  • n. Examination.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. question closely
  • v. consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning
  • v. put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to
  • v. observe, check out, and look over carefully or inspect
  • v. question or examine thoroughly and closely

Etymologies

Middle English examinen, from Old French examiner, from Latin exāmināre, from exāmen, a weighing out, from exigere, to weigh out; see exact.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French examiner, from Latin examinare. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • One issue the panel will examine is whether the blindside head shots should be eliminated through a penalty, supplemental discipline or both.

    NHL looks to curb head shots

  • What General Powell will never be able to examine is how much of the Third World's economic weakness and unrepresentative governance is the result of earlier colonial periods and the policies of exploitation and repression practiced by the Western powers.

    Letters to the Editor

  • The first point we have to examine is the impact of the penalty provision in the Canada Health Act. The Ontario Government claims that the federal government is forcing it to ban extra-billing or face the loss of $54 million a year.

    Building the New Ontario

  • Now let us examine from the Canadian point of view the international situation as it really is.

    The Price of Peace

  • There are several convenient features like the ability to automatically mark the older of the two duplicate files as the one that will be deleted or moved, protection of system and program files, and a shortcut to immediately jump to the actual folder where a duplicate you’d like to examine is residing.

    Fast Duplicate File Finder Finds Your File Dupes | Lifehacker Australia

  • Now, getting Republicans to self-examine is even harder than with Democrats, but it’s worth the effort, if only to do some damage to that party.

    House Judiciary Panel Hearings on ‘Imperial Presidency’ « Antiwar.com Blog

  • I like to use my middles to ramp up the emotional punch of a story, so the things I choose to do here will often make my protag examine aspects of her life or beliefs.

    I Love it When a Plan Comes Together, Part One

  • For on the one hand it may be urged that as the ultimate species represent the real existences, it will be well, if practicable, to examine these ultimate species separately, just as we examine the species Man separately; to examine, that is, not the whole class Birds collectively, but the Ostrich, the Crane, and the other indivisible groups or species belonging to the class.

    On the Parts of Animals

  • So that of necessity, as we referred to before, this contest procedure involves the presentation of witnesses and evidence and the right to cross-examine, which is a basic of the process, and it can stretch on to the point where it may not resolve itself prior to December 12.

    CNN Transcript - CNN Late Edition: When Will America Know Who its Next President Will Be? - December 4, 2000

  • He recalls looking through the guidelines about pupils' reading and it was words like 'analyse', 'explain', 'examine' - about 71 different verbs but not one of them was 'enjoy'.

    Telegraph.co.uk - Telegraph online, Daily Telegraph and Sunday Telegraph

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