Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A printing process in which the image to be printed is rendered on a flat surface, as on sheet zinc or aluminum, and treated to retain ink while the nonimage areas are treated to repel ink.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The process of printing a lithograph on a hard, flat surface; originally the printing surface was a flat piece of stone that was etched with acid to form a surface that would selectively transfer ink to the paper; the stone has now been replaced, in general, with a metal plate.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The art or process of putting designs or writing, with a greasy material, on stone, and of producing printed impressions therefrom. The process depends, in the main, upon the antipathy between grease and water, which prevents a printing ink containing oil from adhering to wetted parts of the stone not covered by the design. See Lithographic limestone, under lithographic.
  • n. a printing process for reproducing images, using any flat surface, such as a metal plate, in a manner similar to lithography{1}.
  • n. The process of producing patterns on semiconductor crystals by exposing photosensitive coatings on a matrix, such as silicon, to light patterns in the form desired for the circuit, and subsequently treating (e.g., chemically) the patterns thus formed in such a way as to create integrated semiconductor circuits with the desired properties. This is the principle method (1990's) to create the high-density integrated circuits used in the digital computers on which you are reading this.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The art of making a picture, design, or writing upon stone in such a manner that ink-impressions can be taken from the work, and of producing such impressions by a process analogous to ordinary printing. Lithography was invented by Aloys Senefelder of Munich, about 1796.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a method of planographic printing from a metal or stone surface
  • n. the act of making a lithographic print

Etymologies

1813. From German Lithographie, from Ancient Greek λίθος (lithos, "stone") + γράφειν ("to write"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Revolutionary applications of BEC in lithography, nanotechnology and holography appear to be just round the corner.

    The 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics - Information for the Public

  • This branch of lithography, which is nearly dependent on the efforts of the steel engraver, and has been in vogue for many years, principally in England, and of late introduced to this country, where it has met with very great success, is simply the transferring of impressions of engraved plates to stone, and printing from the transfer.

    Remarks on the Manufacture of Bank Notes, and Other Promises to Pay. Addressed to the Bankers of the Southern Confederacy.

  • However, that takes us past lithography, which is what Moore’s law is based on.

    Creating the Ultimate Small Storage Particle | Impact Lab

  • Given the broad division between composition and presswork, within the composition or 'pre-press' area, right through to about 1970, there was a sharp distinction between typesetting and graphic processes, such as lithography or photo-engraving.

    Book & Print in New Zealand: A Guide to Print Culture in New Zealand

  • Today's 45nm chips use a type of lithography which is not compatible with the 22 nm process node and that won't scale to such small levels.

    TG Daily - All News

  • ASML, the world's largest maker of lithography systems that map out electronic circuits on silicon wafers, said first-quarter net profit rose to €395 million $571.9 million from €107 million a year earlier.

    ASML Sees Record Year

  • But he said the structural needs for lithography capacity in 2011 are strong enough that any changes to delivery timings will have no significant impact on the company's revenue expectations.

    ASML Sees Record Year

  • Rather than printing them mechanically, the artists of the state news agency hand-stenciled each poster, applying paint instead of ink to produce an eye-grabbing artistic effect and a range of colors that basic lithography couldn't achieve.

    The Artists Who Made a Poster a Day: Uncovering a Trove of Soviet Art

  • Analysts said markets were disappointed by a lack of guidance on future orders, although the Dutch maker of lithography systems for the chip industry reported record fourth-quarter profit, sales and bookings.

    U.S. Earnings, ASML Sour Mood in Europe

  • The world's largest maker of lithography systems that map out electronic circuits on silicon wafers said net profit for the quarter ended Dec. 31 rose sharply to € 406.8 million $544.5 million from € 50.5 million a year earlier.

    Business Watch

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Comments

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  • Lithography is the only great historic graphic process of which we know the name of its inventor...
    (Aloys Senefelder)

    -Prints and Visual Communication by William M. Ivins. Jr.

    September 22, 2008