from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Soiled, as with dirt; unclean.
  • adj. Spreading dirt; polluting: The air near the foundry was always dirty.
  • adj. Apt to soil with dirt or grime: a dirty job at the garage.
  • adj. Contaminated with bacteria or other infectious microorganisms.
  • adj. Squalid or filthy; run-down: dirty slums.
  • adj. Obscene or indecent: dirty movies; a dirty joke.
  • adj. Malicious or scandalous: a dirty lie.
  • adj. Unethical or corrupt; sordid: dirty politics.
  • adj. Not sportsmanlike: dirty players; a dirty fighter.
  • adj. Acquired by illicit or improper means: dirty money.
  • adj. Slang Possessing or using illegal drugs.
  • adj. Unpleasant or distasteful; thankless: Laying off workers is the dirty part of this job.
  • adj. Extremely unfortunate or regrettable: a dirty shame.
  • adj. Expressing disapproval or hostility: gave us a dirty look.
  • adj. Not bright and clear in color; somewhat dull or drab. Often used in combination: dirty-blonde hair; dirty-green walls.
  • adj. Producing a very great amount of long-lived radioactive fallout. Used of nuclear weapons.
  • adj. Stormy; rough: dirty weather.
  • transitive v. To make soiled.
  • transitive v. To stain or tarnish with dishonor.
  • intransitive v. To become soiled.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Unclean; covered with or containing unpleasant substances such as dirt or grime.
  • adj. That makes one unclean; corrupting, infecting.
  • adj. Morally unclean; obscene or indecent, especially sexually.
  • adj. Dishonourable; violating accepted standards or rules.
  • adj. Corrupt, illegal, or improper.
  • adj. Out of tune.
  • adj. Of color, discolored by impurities.
  • adj. Containing data which need to be written back to a larger memory.
  • adj. Carrying illegal drugs among one's possessions or inside of one's bloodstream.
  • adj. Used as an intensifier, especially in conjunction with "great".
  • adv. In a dirty manner.
  • v. To make (something) dirty.
  • v. To stain or tarnish (somebody) with dishonor.
  • v. To debase by distorting the real nature of (something).
  • v. To become soiled.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Defiled with dirt; foul; nasty; filthy; not clean or pure; serving to defile
  • adj. Sullied; clouded; -- applied to color.
  • adj. Sordid; base; groveling.
  • adj. Sleety; gusty; stormy.
  • transitive v. To foul; to make filthy; to soil.
  • transitive v. To tarnish; to sully; to scandalize; -- said of reputation, character, etc.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Consisting of or imparting dirt or filth; causing foulness; soiling: as, a dirt mixture; dirt work.
  • Characterized by dirt; unclean; not cleanly; sullied: as, dirty hands; dirty employment.
  • Appearing as if soiled; dark-colored; impure; dingy.
  • Morally unclean or impure; base; low; despicable; groveling: as, a dirty fellow; a dirty job or trick.
  • Repulsive to sensitive feeling; disagreeable; disgusting.
  • Foul; muddy; squally; rainy; sloppy; uncomfortable: said of the weather or of roads.
  • Unclean, soiled, sullied, begrimed.
  • 4 and Vile, scurvy, shabby, sneaking, despicable, contemptible, gross, obscene.
  • To defile; make filthy; soil; befoul: as, to dirty the clothes or hands.
  • To soil or tarnish morally; sully.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. expressing or revealing hostility or dislike
  • v. make soiled, filthy, or dirty
  • adj. unpleasantly stormy
  • adj. violating accepted standards or rules
  • adj. spreading pollution or contamination; especially radioactive contamination
  • adj. obtained illegally or by improper means
  • adj. (of behavior or especially language) characterized by obscenity or indecency
  • adj. soiled or likely to soil with dirt or grime
  • adj. (of color) discolored by impurities; not bright and clear
  • adj. vile; despicable
  • adj. contaminated with infecting organisms
  • adj. unethical or dishonest
  • adj. (of a manuscript) defaced with changes


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From dirt +‎ -y.



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  • Aaand bang on time is Mark Liberman's hatchet job.

    February 27, 2009

  • Ullo John go' a new mo'or?

    February 26, 2009

  • The article sounds like almost complete nonsense to me, and there are obvious mistakes in it, but what I think they're claiming is that concepts that happen to have changed to different words historically in IE are in fact intrinsically likely to change at about that rate. And they've calibrated it on the Swadesh 200 list. So the fact that all* IE languages preserve reflexes of the same word 'new' means we can predict that all Semitic languages will have a common word for "new" too, and pretty much all Austronesian languages will have kept theirs . . .

    * Oh, except Albanian.

    I keep refreshing Language Log, waiting for their hatchet job on this.

    February 26, 2009

  • Interesting article, but it implies that there are words that are the similar enough in modern Indo-European languages as to be intelligible across languages. No examples of such are given.

    February 26, 2009

  • "For example, dirty is a rapidly changing word; currently there are 46 different ways of saying it in the Indo-European languages, all words that are unrelated to each other. As a result, it is likely to die out soon in English, along with stick and guts.

    Verbs also tend to change quite quickly, so push, turn, wipe and stab appear to be heading for the lexicographer's chopping block."

    - 'Oldest English words' identified , BBC website, 26 Feb 2009.

    February 26, 2009