from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. New to one's experience; not encountered before.
  • adj. Novel; different: a fresh slant on the problem. See Synonyms at new.
  • adj. Recently made, produced, or harvested; not stale or spoiled: fresh bread.
  • adj. Not preserved, as by canning, smoking, or freezing: fresh vegetables.
  • adj. Not saline or salty: fresh water.
  • adj. Not yet used or soiled; clean: a fresh sheet of paper.
  • adj. Free from impurity or pollution; pure: fresh air.
  • adj. Additional; new: fresh evidence.
  • adj. Bright and clear; not dull or faded: a fresh memory.
  • adj. Having the glowing, unspoiled appearance of youth: a fresh complexion.
  • adj. Untried; inexperienced: fresh recruits.
  • adj. Having just arrived; straight: fashions fresh from Paris.
  • adj. Revived or reinvigorated; refreshed: I was fresh as a daisy after the nap.
  • adj. Fairly strong; brisk: a fresh wind.
  • adj. Informal Bold and saucy; impudent.
  • adj. Having recently calved and therefore with milk. Used of a cow.
  • adj. Slang Excellent; first-rate.
  • adv. Recently; newly: fresh out of milk; muffins baked fresh daily.
  • n. The early part: the fresh of the day.
  • n. A freshet.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Not cooked; raw.
  • adj. Not cooked, dried, or frozen.
  • adj. Still green and not dried.
  • adj. Refreshing or cool.
  • adj. Without salt; not saline.
  • adj. Rested; not tired or fatigued.
  • adj. Having only the files and settings of a specific release of the software package; without updates or upgrades that were released subsequent to the release of a specific version.
  • n. A rush of water, along a river or on to the land; a flood.
  • adj. Rude, cheeky, or inappropriate; presumptuous; disrespectful; forward.
  • adj. Sexually aggressive or forward; prone to caress too eagerly; overly flirtatious.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Possessed of original life and vigor; new and strong; unimpaired; sound.
  • adj. New; original; additional.
  • adj. Lately produced, gathered, or prepared for market; not stale; not dried or preserved; not wilted, faded, or tainted; in good condition; ; recently made or obtained; occurring again; repeated; ; lately come or made public; ; recently taken from a well or spring.
  • adj. Youthful; florid.
  • adj. In a raw, green, or untried state; uncultivated; uncultured; unpracticed.
  • adj. Renewed in vigor, alacrity, or readiness for action; ; hence, tending to renew in vigor; rather strong; cool or brisk.
  • adj. Not salt
  • n. A stream or spring of fresh water.
  • n. A flood; a freshet.
  • n. The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, as by means of a flood of fresh water flowing toward or into the sea.
  • transitive v. To refresh; to freshen.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Having its original qualities; unimpaired in vigor or purity; not weakened, faded, tainted, or decayed; not stale or worn: as, a fresh voice; a fresh complexion; events still fresh in the memory; to keep meat or flowers fresh.
  • Of unimpaired physical or mental condition; having full natural vigor, activity, beauty, bloom, etc.; hearty; sound; brisk; lively.
  • In a refreshed condition; freshened; reinvigorated; strengthened or purified: as, the troops were now fresh for action; to put on fresh linen.
  • New; recent; novel; newly produced, obtained, occurring, arriving, etc.: as, coins fresh from the mint; a fresh coat of paint; fresh tidings; a fresh misfortune; to take a fresh sheet of paper.
  • Hence Unpractised; untried; inexperienced; unsophisticated: as, a fresh hand on a ship; a fresh youth.
  • Cool; refreshing; invigorating; imparting strength or refreshment; in nautical language, moderately strong or brisk: as, a draught of fresh water; a breath of fresh air; a fresh breeze.
  • Not salt, salted, or pickled; not brackish: as, fresh meat or codfish; fresh water.
  • Bright; brilliant.
  • Tipsy.
  • Sober; not tipsy.
  • Verdant and conceited; presuming through ignorance and conceit; forward; officious. Compare cool.
  • Open; not frosty.
  • Novel, Recent, etc. See new.
  • Untrained, unskilled, raw.
  • n. A flood; a stream in overflow; an inundation; a freshet.
  • n. Figuratively, a flood or rush of persons.
  • n. A spring or brook of fresh water; a small tributary stream.
  • n. A stream or current of fresh water running into tide-water.
  • n. The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, or the increased current of an ebb-tide caused by a great volume of fresh water flowing into the sea.
  • n. Open weather; a day of open weather; a thaw.
  • n. A freshman.
  • Freshly.
  • To refresh.
  • To grow fresh; freshen.
  • Noting a cow that has recently given birth to a calf.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adj. original and of a kind not seen before
  • adj. not yet used or soiled
  • adj. (of a cycle) beginning or occurring again
  • adj. not canned or otherwise preserved
  • adj. improperly forward or bold
  • adv. very recently
  • adj. with restored energy
  • adj. recently made, produced, or harvested
  • adj. free from impurities
  • adj. imparting vitality and energy
  • adj. not containing or composed of salt water
  • adj. not soured or preserved
  • adj. having recently calved and therefore able to give milk


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English, from Old English fersc, pure, not salty, and from Old French freis (feminine fresche), new, recent, of Germanic origin.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English fresch, fersch, from Old English fersc ("fresh, pure, sweet"), from Proto-Germanic *friskaz (“fresh”), from Proto-Indo-European *preisk- (“fresh”). Cognate with Scots fresch ("fresh"), West Frisian farsk ("fresh"), Dutch vers ("fresh"), German frisch ("fresh"), French frais ("fresh"), Danish frisk ("fresh"), Icelandic ferskur ("fresh"), Lithuanian prėskas ("unflavoured, tasteless, fresh"), Russian пресный (pr'ésnyj, "sweet, fresh, unleavened, tasteless").

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

1848, US slang, probably from German frech ("impudent, cheeky, insolent"), from Middle High German vrech ("bold, brave, lively"), from Old High German freh ("greedy, eager, avaricious, covetous"), from Proto-Germanic *frekaz (“greedy, outrageous, courageous, capable, active”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)pereg- (“to be quick, twitch, sprinkle, splash”). Cognate with Old English frec ("greedy; eager, bold, daring; dangerous"). More at freak.


  • The next time _M. L.B._ visits Scotland, let him ask the first peasant he meets how to keep eggs fresh for years; and he will answer _rub a little oil or butter over them, within a day or two after laying, and they will keep any length of time, perfectly fresh_.

    The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction Volume 19, No. 536, March 3, 1832

  • But the secret is, _fresh, fresh, fresh_, and don't stint your coffee.

    All About Coffee

  • 'Ef you want to know,' sez he, 'open your winder of a mornin' et ary season, and you'll larn thet the best of perfooms is jest fresh air, _fresh air_, 'sez he, emphysizin', 'athout no mixtur.

    The Complete Poetical Works of James Russell Lowell

  • "Ef you want to know," sez he, "open your winder of a mornin 'et ary season, and you' ll larn thet the best of perfooms is jest fresh air, _fresh air_," sez he, emphysizin ', "athout no mixtur.

    The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 17, No. 103, May, 1866

  • You might have a fish for dinner tonight that was flown in fresh from the Mediterranean.

    Air Travel Was A Dash Of Excitement In The 'Jet Age'

  • He also sees the potential for the comic and webisodes to spur a return to television, and perhaps even a leap to film: “Certainly keeping the ‘Farscape’ saga alive via the comic book series and the webisodes keeps the title fresh… and the epic scale of storytelling we're able to achieve on the comic book page clearly suggests what the ‘Farscape’ experience would be like on the big screen.”

    EXCLUSIVE PREVIEW: ‘Farscape’ Creator Rockne O’Bannon Brings Series Back — As A Comic Book

  • In this recipe, corn is cut fresh from the cob and used to fill poblano chiles, which are wrapped in fresh cornhusks, eliminating the need for soaking.

    Cornhusk Wrapped Chiles Stuffed with Fresh Corn: Chiltamales

  • Ever since the 1920s when Max Dvorak, the most inspiring teacher of his day, gave the term fresh currency, art historians have been debating the definition of the word mannerism.

    The Mannerist Style

  • The great Sir Alexander MacKenzie, with his title fresh from the king, and his feat of exploring the river now known by his name and pushing through the mountain fastnesses to the Pacific on all men's lips -- was to my Uncle Jack's right.

    Lords of the North

  • One disadvantage is human repugnance to eating anything that isn't what they call fresh, but that's offset by the fact that I'm really quite cheap to feed.

    Analog Science Fiction and Fact


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  • Ideal term for an alcoholic in denial, then.

    October 11, 2017

  • These are my favorites from the Century:


    "Sober; not tipsy."

    October 10, 2017

  • I sort of like it as a noun.

    November 12, 2008

  • "Pour some fresh in Miss Nicholl's glass."

    —Dorothy Parker, 'The Bolt behind the Blue'

    Not sure what the grammar here is. Is 'fresh' being used as a noun, meaning "fresh drink", or is it a predicative complement (analogous to the adjectives in 'drink some neat', 'drink the milk cold')?

    November 12, 2008

  • November 10, 2007