American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A noncontagious inflammation of the skin, characterized chiefly by redness, itching, and the outbreak of lesions that may discharge serous matter and become encrusted and scaly.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An inflammation of the skin attended with considerable exudation of lymph. Ordinarily the eczematous patch is red, slightly swollen, more or less incrusted, and moist on the removal of the crust, and causes considerable itching and smarting.
- n. Acute eczema when the color of the skin is very red.
- n. Pityriasis rubra.
- n. An acute or chronic inflammation of the skin, characterized by redness, itching, and the outbreak of oozing vesicular lesions which become encrusted and scaly. It is noncontagious.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Med.) An inflammatory disease of the skin, characterized by the presence of redness and itching, an eruption of small vesicles, and the discharge of a watery exudation, which often dries up, leaving the skin covered with crusts; -- called also
tetter, milk crust, and salt rheum.
- n. generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin; particularly with vesiculation in the acute stages
- From Ancient Greek ἔκζεμα (ekzema), from ἐκ (ek, "out of, forth from") + ζέμα (zema, "that which is boiled, decoction"), from ζέω (zeo, "to boil, to seethe"). (Wiktionary)
- New Latin, from Greek ekzema, from ekzein, to break out, boil over : ek-, out; see ecto- + zein, to boil; see yes- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Papular eczema (_eczema papulosum_) is characterized by the appearance, usually in numbers, of discrete, aggregated or closely-crowded, reddish, pin-head-sized acuminated or rounded papules.”
“Erythematous eczema (_eczema erythematosum_) begins as one or more small or large, irregularly outlined hyperæmic macules or patches, with or without slight or marked swelling, and with more or less itching or burning.”
“Squamous eczema (_eczema squamosum_) may be defined as a clinical variety, the chief symptoms of which are a variable degree of scaliness, more or less thickening, infiltration, and redness, with commonly a tendency to cracking or fissuring of the skin, especially when the disease is seated about the joints.”
“Pustular eczema (_eczema pustulosum_, _eczema impetiginosum_) is probably the least common of all the varieties.”
“Now, the term eczema usually refers to atopic eczema, or atopic dermatitis (atopic means “allergic”), which is a complex genetic disorder that results in defective skin barriers, reduced innate skin immune responses, and exaggerated immune (T cell) responses to environmental allergens that lead to chronic skin inflammation.”
“The term eczema is now applied very generally to eruptions of all kinds that depend on internal disorders or constitutional conditions and that tend to recurrences and inveteracy.”
“The term eczema is broadly applied to a range of skin conditions.”
“Eczema is a form of inflammation of the upper layers of the skin and the term eczema is broadly applied to a range of persistent or recurring skin rashes.”
“A paper in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine says eczema is thought to be a trigger for other allergic conditions.”
“Time Freedom Fighter said ... eczema penisAtopic eczema is the most common type of eczema and is sometimes linked with hay fever and asthma in several patients.”
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