from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A system of government marked by centralization of authority under a dictator, stringent socioeconomic controls, suppression of the opposition through terror and censorship, and typically a policy of belligerent nationalism and racism.
- n. A political philosophy or movement based on or advocating such a system of government.
- n. Oppressive, dictatorial control.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A political regime, having totalitarian aspirations, ideologically based on a relationship between business and the centralized government, business-and-government control of the market place, repression of criticism or opposition, a leader cult and exalting the state and/or religion above individual rights. Originally only applied (usually capitalized) to Benito Mussolini's Italy.
- n. By vague analogy, any system of strong autocracy or oligarchy usually to the extent of bending and breaking the law, race-baiting and violence against largely unarmed populations.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government; -- opposed to
- n. an authoritarian system of government under absolute control of a single dictator, allowing no political opposition, forcibly suppressing dissent, and rigidly controlling most industrial and economic activities. Such regimes usually try to achieve popularity by a strongly nationalistic appeal, often mixed with racism.
- n. Specifically, the Fascist movement led by Benito Mussolini in Italy from 1922 to 1943.
- n. broadly, a tendency toward or support of a strongly authoritarian or dictatorial control of government or other organizations; -- often used pejoratively in this sense.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a political theory advocating an authoritarian hierarchical government (as opposed to democracy or liberalism)
Italian fascismo, from fascio, group, from Late Latin fascium, from Latin fascis, bundle.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Italian fascismo, from fascio ("bundle, fasces"), from Latin fasces, plural of fascis (Wiktionary)