Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A policy by which a nation maintains or extends its control over foreign dependencies.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The colonial domination policy pursued by the powers of Europe, from the second half of the XIX century to the years following World War II. A colonial system.
  • n. A colonial linguistic expression. Term or expression of colonial origin entered in a language.
  • n. Colonial life.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The state or quality of, or the relationship involved in, being colonial.
  • n. A custom, idea, feature of government, or the like, characteristic of a colony.
  • n. The colonial system of political government or extension of territory, by which one nation exerts political control over another nation, territory, or people, maintaining the colony in a state of dependence, its inhabitants not having the same full rights as those of the colonial power. The controlling power is typically extended thus by military force or the threat of force.
  • n. the political or ideological system of beliefs advocating or justifying colonial control of one nation over another nation, territory, or people.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A practice, idiom, or phrase peculiar to a colony.
  • n. Collectively, the characteristics of colonial life.
  • n. The colonial principle or system: as, British colonialism works well.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. exploitation by a stronger country of weaker one; the use of the weaker country's resources to strengthen and enrich the stronger country

Etymologies

colonial +‎ -ism (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Others use the term colonialism to describe dependencies that are directly governed by a foreign nation and contrast this with imperialism, which involves indirect forms of domination.

    Colonialism

  • This entry uses the term colonialism to describe the process of European settlement and political control over the rest of the world, including Americas, Australia, and parts of Africa and Asia.

    Colonialism

  • The term colonialism is frequently used to describe the settlement of places such as North America, Australia, New Zealand, Algeria, and Brazil that were controlled by a large population of permanent European residents.

    Colonialism

  • "My oh my, aren't people sensitive to the word 'colonialism,' particularly those who implement colonialism," Penn said Tuesday night.

    ABC News: Top Stories

  • "My oh my, aren't people sensitive to the word colonialism, particularly those who implement colonialism," said the double Oscar winner.

    Telegraph.co.uk - Telegraph online, Daily Telegraph, Sunday Telegraph

  • He said: "My oh my, aren't people sensitive to the word colonialism, particularly those who implement colonialism."

    The Guardian World News

  • But I actually think what it does with themes of colonialism is more complex than it seems at first and surprisingly interesting.

    MTV Movies Blog Readers Respond To ‘Avatar’ » MTV Movies Blog

  • Furthermore, the legacy of colonialism is rampant.

    Matthew Yglesias » The Strategic Logic of Nonviolence

  • But, we would have to boycott the entire world, basically, because colonialism is a huge part of our history.

    Bread and circuses, tea and cake…

  • Neo-colonialism is the first word that comes to my mind after reading this report.

    Archive 2008-11-11

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