Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A government ruled by or subject to religious authority.
  • n. A state so governed.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Government under the control of a Church or state-sponsored religion.
  • n. Rule by God.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Government of a state by the immediate direction or administration of God; hence, the exercise of political authority by priests as representing the Deity.
  • n. The state thus governed, as the Hebrew commonwealth before it became a kingdom.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A form of government in which God is recognized as the supreme civil ruler of the state, and his laws are taken as the statute-book of the kingdom.
  • n. A state so governed: usually applied, with the definite article, to the Jewish commonwealth from the time of its organization under Moses until the inauguration of the monarchy under Saul.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a political unit governed by a deity (or by officials thought to be divinely guided)
  • n. the belief in government by divine guidance

Etymologies

theo- + -cracy, originally from Ancient Greek θεοκρατία (theokratia, "rule of God"), a term coined in the 1st century by Josephus (Against Apion 2.17) in reference to the kingdom of Israel. Attested in English from the 1630s, first by John Donne in a 1631 sermon, (The Jews were onely under a Theocratie, an immediate government of God., cited after OED). (Wiktionary)

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