Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Absolute rule or power; autocracy.
  • n. A country under such rule.
  • n. Variant of autarky.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A condition of absolute power.
  • n. An autocratic government; an autocracy.
  • n. Self-government; a condition of economic self-sufficiency or national independence.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Self-sufficiency, especially economic self-sufficiency as applied to nations.
  • n. same as autarky.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Absolute power; autocracy; self-government.
  • n. Self-sufficiency; independence.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. economic independence as a national policy
  • n. a political system governed by a single individual

Etymologies

From Greek autarkhos, self-governing, autarch : auto-, auto- + arkhos, ruler (from arkhein, to rule).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek αὐταρχία (autarcheia, "absolute governing") (Wiktionary)

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