American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The act or process of sublimating.
- n. Something that has been sublimated.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In chem., the act or process of sublimating; a process by which solid substances are, by the aid of heat, converted into vapor, which is again condensed into the solid state by the application of cold. Sublimation effects for solids to some extent what distillation effects for liquids. Both processes purify the substances to which they are severally applied, by separating them from the fixed matters with which they are associated. Sublimation is usually conducted in one vessel, the product being deposited in the upper part of the vessel in a solid state, and often in the crystalline form, while the impurity remains in the lower part. The vapors of some substances which undergo the process of sublimation condense in the form of a flue powder called
flowers; such are the flowers of sulphur, flowers of benzoin, etc. Other sublimates are obtained in a solid and compact form, as camphor, ammonium chlorid, and all the sublimates of mercury.
- n. The act of heightening, refining, purifying, or freeing (something) from baser qualities: as, the sublimation of the affections.
- n. That which has been highly refined or purified; hence, the highest product of anything.
- n. The transition of a substance from the solid phase directly to the vapor state such that it does not pass through the intermediate liquid phase.
- n. The transformation of an impulse into something socially constructive.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Chem.) The act or process of subliming, or the state or result of being sublimed.
- n. The act of heightening or improving; exaltation; elevation; purification.
- n. That which is sublimed; the product of a purifying process.
- n. (chemistry) a change directly from the solid to the gaseous state without becoming liquid
- n. (psychology) modifying the natural expression of an impulse or instinct (especially a sexual one) to one that is socially acceptable
- From Medieval Latin sublimationem. (Wiktionary)
“Although the term sublimation pertains to the conversion of both solid directly to gas and its reverse gas directly to solid, some people call the latter process deposition.”
“To chemists, sublimation is the process by which matter changes from a solid state to a vapor without first melting.”
“Its sublimation is slow, and can be reduced; I cannot comment on specifics, but Wikibooks notes the following: "But if it must be stored, it is recommended that it is stored under water and in a container without a cap with threads, as opening it could result in an explosion from crystalized [sic] acetone peroxide.”
“Since in Winston's case the sublimation is imperfect, the distorted sexuality becomes unstable in its effects.”
“During this "latent period" a part of these sexual energies is separated from the sexual aim and applied to cultural and social ends, a process which Freud has designated by the name sublimation as important for culture, history and the individual.”
“It is separated from them by a process called sublimation, which is something similar to distillation.”
The Cherokee Physician, or Indian Guide to Health, as Given by Richard Foreman, a Cherokee Doctor; Comprising a Brief View of Anatomy, With General Rules for Preserving Health without the Use of Medicines. The Diseases of the U. States, with Their Symptoms, Causes, and Means of Prevention, are Treated on in a Satisfactory Manner. It Also Contains a Description of a Variety of Herbs and Roots, Many of which are not Explained in Any Other Book, and their Medical Virtues have Hitherto been Unknown to the Whites; To which is Added a Short Dispensatory.
“Neal Gabler, the author of An Empire of Their Own: How the Jews Invented Hollywood, told me that Jewish revenge fantasies aren’t entirely alien to the movie industry, but they’ve always been exercises in sublimation, Superman being only the most obvious.”
“This direct transformation of a solid into a gas is called sublimation, and is the cause of that deterioration in foods known as “freezer burn,” in which crystalline water evaporates into the freezer’s cold, dry air.”
“As such, they offer a perfect example of what Sigmund Freud called sublimation, the indirect expression of libido, or the channeling of sexual energy into civilized form.”
“Freud is helpful here to psychoanalyze the McCain suspension of the campaign statement: It is called sublimation with relation to the desire of the conservative base of the party, in which he masked his desire to fail the bill by articulating the opposite in public, something acceptable in appearance but coded to be read as the directive in reversal.”
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