American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Law Of, relating to, or proper to courts of law or to the administration of justice: the judicial system.
- adj. Law Decreed by or proceeding from a court of justice: a judicial decision.
- adj. Law Belonging or appropriate to the office of a judge: in judicial robes.
- adj. Characterized by or expressing judgment: the judicial function of a literary critic.
- adj. Proceeding from a divine judgment.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to a judge; proper to the character of a judge; judge-like; hence, critical; discriminating; impartial; formerly, judicious.
- Pertaining to the administration of justice; proper to a court of law; consisting of or resulting from legal inquiry or judgment: as, judicial power or proceedings; a judicial decision, writ, sale, or punishment.
- Enacted by statute, or established by constituted authority.
- Determinative; giving judgment; deciding, as about a point in contest or about future events: as, judicial astrology.
- Having the nature of a judgment or punishment.
- An act of any public officer involving the exercise of his Judgment or discretion on a question affecting the right of any party. Thus, the act of the fiscal officer of a municipality in auditing a claim is usually judicial, but his paying a lawful warrant or order for payment is ministerial. (See ministerial.) A judicial act implies deliberation, and therefore, if to be done by several jointly, those who are to do it must be together (or under modern statutes a majority after notice to all); while a ministerial act may ordinarily, unless otherwise required by law, be the concurrent act of each separately.
- The power conferred upon and exercised by the judiciary or a court as such.
- A power conferred upon a public officer involving the exercise of judgment and discretion in the determination of questions of right in specific cases affecting the interests of persons or property, as distinguished from ministerial power, or authority to carry out the mandates of judicial power or of the law.
- adj. Of or relating to a court of law, or to the administration of justice.
- n. That branch of government which is responsible for maintaining the courts of law and for the administration of justice.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Pertaining or appropriate to courts of justice, or to a judge; practiced or conformed to in the administration of justice; sanctioned or ordered by a court
- adj. Fitted or apt for judging or deciding.
- adj. Belonging to the judiciary, as distinguished from
legislative, administrative, or executive. See Executive.
- adj. obsolete Judicious.
- adj. expressing careful judgment
- adj. decreed by or proceeding from a court of justice
- adj. relating to the administration of justice or the function of a judge
- adj. belonging or appropriate to the office of a judge
- From Latin iūdiciālis. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Anglo-Norman, from Latin iūdiciālis, from iūdicium, judgment, from iūdex, iūdic-, judge; see deik- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“This highest judicial tribunal, it is seen, passed from a case wherein no jurisdiction, as it held, rested in the courts to enter any form of judgment -- not even for costs, to decide matters not pertaining in any sense to the particular case, nor even to _judicial_ public rights of the people or the government, but wholly to the political, legislative powers of Congress, not in any degree involved in the jurisdictional question arising and decided.”
Slavery and Four Years of War, Vol. 1-2 A Political History of Slavery in the United States Together With a Narrative of the Campaigns and Battles of the Civil War In Which the Author Took Part: 1861-1865
“Some say the problem with the term judicial activist today is that it's evolved into something that has nothing to do with actively impartially interpreting the law.”
“I have little use for the Democrat-Republican lawmakers, presidents, or their judge I refuse to use the term judicial because that word means implies justice appointees.”
“GERKIN: I think we should be very careful about throwing around the term judicial activism.”
“ACOSTA: Top GOP leaders want the president to rule out what they call judicial activists, judges who conservatives say would legislate from the bench.”
“We have a crisis in judicial vacancies, though in fact Senate Democrats used the filibuster to block just 10 of Bush's 229 first-term judicial appointments.”
“He expected some criticism, Soledad, by picking someone outside what he called the judicial monestary, someone who's never served on the judiciary before.”
“BLITZER: You had told the president going into this nomination, it was good idea to find somebody outside what you called the judicial monastery.”
“And the reason I think this will be only a state trial is for what they call judicial economy.”
“Over the years, Judge Ginsburg has displayed the essence of what we call judicial temperament.”
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Government is the great fiction, through which everybody endeavors to live at the expense of everybody else.--Frédéric Bastiat, Essays on Political Economy, 1872
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