ruzuzu commented on the word heliox
"Heliox generates less airway resistance than air and thereby requires less mechanical energy to ventilate the lungs. "Work of Breathing" (WOB) is reduced. It does this by two mechanisms:
1.increased tendency to laminar flow;
2.reduced resistance in turbulent flow."
-- From Wikipedia's heliox page: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Heliox&oldid=835607282
June 22, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word epiblast
From The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia:
"In botany, a name applied by Richard to a second small cotyledon which is found in wheat and some other grasses.
In embryology, the outer or external blastodermic membrane or layer of cells, forming the ectoderm or epiderm: distinguished at first from hypoblast, then from both hypoblast and mesoblast. See cut under blastocæle."
June 21, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the user postnomer
I like your lists.
ruzuzu commented on the word Euler's identity
See citation (with a bit about Gauss) on pons asinorum.
June 8, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word Diophantus of Alexandria
"While reading Claude Gaspard Bachet de Méziriac's edition of Diophantus' Arithmetica, Pierre de Fermat concluded that a certain equation considered by Diophantus had no solutions, and noted in the margin without elaboration that he had found "a truly marvelous proof of this proposition," now referred to as Fermat's Last Theorem. This led to tremendous advances in number theory, and the study of Diophantine equations ("Diophantine geometry") and of Diophantine approximations remain important areas of mathematical research."
June 7, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word can
Cogito ergo can.
June 5, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list remarkable-wikipedia-categories
Aw, shucks. Thanks vm. I love this site and everyone here--and I'm glad you're on the remarkable list, too.
June 4, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word Euler
"Euler's work touched upon so many fields that he is often the earliest written reference on a given matter. In an effort to avoid naming everything after Euler, some discoveries and theorems are attributed to the first person to have proved them after Euler."
I've been having fun with the "List of things named after Leonhard Euler" page.
ruzuzu commented on the word farnarkle
June 1, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word harmamaxa
Ha--not sure how I missed it. Thank you, bilby!
May 29, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word mark
"A significant note, character, sign, token, or indication; a determinative attestation. In logic, to say that a thing has a certain mark is to say that something in particular is true of it. Thus, according to a certain school of metaphysicians, “incognizability is a mark of the Infinite.”"
--from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
May 22, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list curry-zone
ruzuzu commented on the word well-heeled
That's some etymology.
I went to a restaurant yesterday that offered bhendi masala, aloo govi, and baigan vartha.
ruzuzu commented on the list fore
That's the risk (and joy) of open lists (and why open list is my middle name.)
But, to my shame and horror, I just realized that bilby must have already added foredeck to this list ages ago. I'll still keep searching for fore words, though.
May 18, 2018
I'd forgotten how much I love this list. (I just added foredeck.)
ruzuzu commented on the list simplified-spellings
ruzuzu commented on the list the-bindery
May 17, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list path-finding
You're not moved by pathos?
May 15, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word rabble
"An iron bar bent at right angles at one end, used in the operation of puddling for stirring the melted iron, so as to allow it to be more fully exposed to the action of the air and the lining of the furnace."
-- from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
May 14, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list my-stupid-day
And I love that this list has rewrite.
ruzuzu commented on the list retention-of-larval-traits-in-adults
My new favorite list.
ruzuzu commented on the user blafferty
*passes out spoons for everyone*
Do we all have plates? Who still needs fufluns?
ruzuzu commented on the word scrumpy
Brackets around "proto-Wordie und playboy" please--I might have a couple places for it.
ruzuzu commented on the word spoon
See semantic satiation.
ruzuzu commented on the word dust
Yes! And/or Buffy the Vampire Slayer and Angel.
ruzuzu commented on the user qms
Just stopping by to say your prowess with the limericks is astonishing. I am ever in awe.
May 4, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word zaddy
why do you hate freedom
ruzuzu commented on the list cattle
ruzuzu commented on the word usurps the prerogative of her husband
How had I never heard of Ebenezer Brewer before? Thank you!!!
May 3, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word spinning a brody
Spinning one's car in a circle on the ice. See http://helenair.com/lifestyles/words-and-phrases-that-really-only-make-sense-to-montanans/collection_fa664822-0e12-11e5-b51b-5f1cdc6da6b1.html#18
ruzuzu commented on the list a-boat
Each new list you make is my favorite!
ruzuzu commented on the list washington--my-home
I think the Moines are allowed to travel where they please.
ruzuzu commented on the word Kentucky
See my-old-kentucky-home; also see word-derby.
May 2, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word Oregon
Also see places-in-oregon by misterbaby.
ruzuzu commented on the word jean dimmock
ruzuzu commented on the word fish-ball
It's something that sounds infinitely more appetizing than a foot-ball.
April 24, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word a busybody
See comments on narrowbody.
April 19, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word narrowbody
Brackets around a busybody, please. I have a list for it.
Also, I looked through nobody's lists, but I didn't see this word there.
ruzuzu commented on the word bilby
*presses button politely*
April 17, 2018
Ooh! A delicious food pellet!
What a great party.
April 16, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list o-4
Is the Italian version called lapotopogigio?
April 13, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list but-y-tho
ruzuzu commented on the word yfastened
See comment on yclept.
ruzuzu commented on the word yclensed
ruzuzu commented on the word ypunched
ruzuzu commented on the word ylem
If those lamingtons were made with yellowcake uranium, I think I'll just hold out for a ylemon tart.
This word reminds me of Elam.
April 12, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word vending machine
"The first vending machine was also one of his constructions; when a coin was introduced via a slot on the top of the machine, a set amount of holy water was dispensed. This was included in his list of inventions in his book Mechanics and Optics. When the coin was deposited, it fell upon a pan attached to a lever. The lever opened up a valve which let some water flow out. The pan continued to tilt with the weight of the coin until it fell off, at which point a counter-weight would snap the lever back up and turn off the valve."
"In a poem by Ausonius in the 4th century AD, he mentions a stone-cutting saw powered by water. Hero of Alexandria is credited with many such wind and steam powered machines in the 1st century AD, including the Aeolipile and the vending machine, often these machines were associated with worship, such as animated altars and automated temple doors."
ruzuzu commented on the list fresco
I think it's chapter 718, but who's counting?
Edit: No, wait--it's 717. My plaster--1 list is 718.
ruzuzu commented on the word myrobalan
See comment on myrobolan.
April 6, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list hebrew-words--1
Nice! You might enjoy john's yiddishkeit list.
April 4, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list words-from-fables
I adore Fables--and now I adore this list.
ruzuzu commented on the word Prussian blue
"Coordination complexes have been known since the beginning of modern chemistry. Early well-known coordination complexes include dyes such as Prussian blue. Their properties were first well understood in the late 1800s, following the 1869 work of Christian Wilhelm Blomstrand."
March 30, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word coordination complex
"In chemistry, a coordination complex consists of a central atom or ion, which is usually metallic and is called the coordination centre, and a surrounding array of bound molecules or ions, that are in turn known as ligands or complexing agents."
ruzuzu commented on the user tsukum
Aw--thanks! And welcome to Wordnik!
ruzuzu commented on the list words-from-chess
Might I suggest the Latvian Gambit?
March 29, 2018
March 27, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list sickle-shaped
Would you consider adding falx?
ruzuzu commented on the word wine diamond
"Tartaric acid may be most immediately recognizable to wine drinkers as the source of "wine diamonds", the small potassium bitartrate crystals that sometimes form spontaneously on the cork or bottom of the bottle. These "tartrates" are harmless, despite sometimes being mistaken for broken glass, and are prevented in many wines through cold stabilization (which is not always preferred since it can change the wine's profile). The tartrates remaining on the inside of aging barrels were at one time a major industrial source of potassium bitartrate."
ruzuzu commented on the word Rockoonnookkeeper
March 26, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word Rockoon
And if that Rockoon had a nook and a keeper, you could be a Rockoonnookkeeper.
ruzuzu commented on the word limit situation
"A limit situation (German: Grenzsituation) is any of certain situations in which a human being is said to have differing experiences from those arising from ordinary situations.
The concept was developed by Karl Jaspers, who considered fright, guilt, finality and suffering as some of the key limit situations arising in everyday life."
March 21, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word iroquoisy
I have a friend who's reading Plutarch and told me she's been thinking about virtue. We were talking about indulgences and Martin Luther. Then I was reading a Wikipedia article about criticism, which led to critical thinking, then sapere aude, then limit-experience, then limit situation, then antinomianism, and I was right back to faith and good works.
Saint Kateri Tekakwitha strikes again.
ruzuzu commented on the word siling
What do we think of the Century definition here? Should it actually be under sling? (Cf. sile.)
March 16, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list duelistic
Just arrived here after getting push-pull as a random word. I adore this list.
ruzuzu commented on the word Thomas Fincke
"Fincke was born in Flensburg, Schleswig and died in Copenhagen. His lasting achievement is found in his book Geometria rotundi (1583), in which he introduced the modern names of the trigonometric functions tangent and secant."
ruzuzu commented on the word luz
"A bone in the human body which the Rabbinical writers affirmed to be indestructible, and which is variously said to have been one of the lumbar vertebræ, the sacrum, the coccyx, a sesamoid bone of the great toe, or one of the triquetrous or Wormian bones of the cranium."
ruzuzu commented on the word Trojan-horsing
““Trojan-horsing” is a term beloved among show creators, who believe that network executives want a dab of originality, but mostly for marketing purposes. When Jenji Kohan explained to NPR why she’d created the prison show “Orange Is the New Black” around the character of Piper, an attractive, upper-middle-class white woman, she said, “Piper was my Trojan horse. You’re not going to go into a network and sell a show on really fascinating tales of black women and Latina women and old women and criminals.””
— From “Donald Glover Can’t Save You: The creator of “Atlanta” wants TV to tell hard truths. Is the audience ready?” By Tad Friend in The New Yorker (https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/03/05/donald-glover-cant-save-you).
March 11, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word manspalining
March 7, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word retiracy
From the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English:
"n. Retirement; -- mostly used in a jocose or burlesque way."
ruzuzu commented on the list heraldry
March 6, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the user mercy
I like your lists.
March 5, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word harlotry
"A harlot; a strumpet; a baggage."
--from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
ruzuzu commented on the list am-and-fm
What a great list!
ruzuzu commented on the word Mama Plethora
See plethora's "words-and-phrases-i-picked-up-from-my-mother" list.
March 2, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list words-and-phrases-i-picked-up-from-my-mother
Awww. Greetings, Mama Plethora!
ruzuzu commented on the word stick
"The number of twenty-five eels, or the tenth part of a bind, according to the old statute de ponderibus. Also called strike."
ruzuzu commented on the list in-seal-engraving
No seals were harmed in the making of this list.
ruzuzu commented on the list clarissa-or-the-history-of-a-young-lady
Just arrived here after getting varletess as a random word. What a great list!
ruzuzu commented on the word warp-beam
Not what I was expecting.
March 1, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word worm gear
"In machinery, a gearwheel of which the teeth are so formed that they are acted on and the wheel is made to revolve by a worm or shaft on which a spiral is turned—that is, by an endless screw. See cuts under Hindley's screw (at screw), steam-engine, and odometer."
ruzuzu commented on the word attributive
"In grammar, pertaining to or expressing an attribute; used (as a word) in direct description without predication: as, a bad pen, a burning house, a ruined man."
February 28, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word coppo
"An Italian oil-measure, equal in Lucca and Modena to 26⅜ United States (old wine) gallons: but in the Lombardo-Venetian system of 1803 tho coppo or cappo was precisely a deciliter."
February 27, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word askutasquash
See comments on squash.
February 23, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word coral
I like how different these definitions are:
"The unfertilized eggs of a female lobster, which turn a reddish color when cooked."
-- from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
"The ovaries of a cooked lobster; -- so called from their color."
-- from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
"The unimpregnated roe or eggs of the lobster, which when boiled assume the appearance of coral."
February 22, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word rutsutsumu
Thanks, Bilby Baggins.
ruzuzu commented on the word tsutsumu
With a furoshiki?
February 21, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word hbty
Hottest baseball team yet.
February 15, 2018
How 'bout them Yankees?
ruzuzu commented on the list our-potential-autobiographies
I just read Peggy Guggenheim's Confessions of an Art Addict, which reminded me of De Quincey's Confessions of an English Opium-Eater, so forgive me if I get stuck in that vein (as it were).
February 13, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word btvs
(Best to view surreptitiously.)
ruzuzu commented on the list underside-of-a-body--as-in-a-bird
I'd say this is my favorite of your lists so far, but I'd end up having to say that every time you make a new one.
February 8, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word unrestrained condiments
Ooh--brackets around "misuse of mustard" please.
ruzuzu commented on the list quacksalvers-et-al--nostrum
Arrived here after seeing armamentarium on the list of Recently Loved Words. What a fun list!
February 5, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list triple-anagrams
What a fantastic list!
February 2, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word thunderstorm asthma
"The issues — which would ultimately claim ten lives — turned out to be the result of a rare phenomenon known as “thunderstorm asthma.” Though still not fully understood, the weather event is thought to occur due to the spread of pollen and mold that gets swept into the high humidity of the clouds, broken into smaller particles, and rained back down. For a person with asthma — whose airways are chronically inflamed — the spread of these particles can set off an attack."
January 31, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word terminal burrowing
See comments on aporrhipsis.
January 14, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word aporrhipsis
Cf. terminal burrowing.
ruzuzu commented on the word remorse
Man. That GNU Webster's definition is something I'd have expected from the Century: "The anguish, like gnawing pain, excited by a sense of guilt; compunction of conscience for a crime committed, or for the sins of one's past life."
January 12, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list potential-names-for-my-autobiography
I favorited this list even before it had any entries--but now if I could favorite it again, I would.
ruzuzu commented on the word knifegun
Brackets around "bilbutt" and "Captain Cranky Bowtie Bilbutt," please. I have a list for them.
ruzuzu commented on the list calendar-stories
Ach! How did I miss this? Sionnach, you are the best.
January 10, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word nihil ex nihilo
Nothing ever could.
January 8, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the list things-that-could-go-in-a-house-or-mansion
What a fun list!
ruzuzu commented on the word beauty parlor stroke syndrome
“Richard Bernstein is the medical director of the Comprehensive Stroke Center at Northwestern Memorial Hospital in Chicago, and delivers his expertise to me in the patient-if-slightly brusque tone to which I am accustomed in every doctor I speak to. On a hunch I asked him if “beauty parlor stroke syndrome” is a real medical term, and he said no — getting one’s hair washed is merely one possibility in a range of options that cause the actual medical condition properly known as “vertebral artery dissection from hyperextension of the neck,” a considerably less grabby, though ultimately scarier name. What seems to happen is that certain movements of or pressures on the neck can result in a flap-like tear in the vertebral artery, which supplies blood to the brain. From there blood enters (and thereby thickens) the arterial wall, which can cause a blood clot, impeding blood flow and potentially causing a stroke.”
— “Is Beauty Parlor Stroke Syndrome Going to Kill Me?” by Katie Heany (https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2017/03/is-this-going-to-kill-me-beauty-parlor-stroke-syndrome/517851/)
January 7, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word aglaja
I’m so sorry for your loss, rolig. It sounds like she was a delightful friend.
ruzuzu commented on the word feedback loop
See citation on ecosystem.
January 4, 2018
ruzuzu commented on the word ecosystem
"All around |Walter| Cannon, theorists were thrilling to the idea of self-righting systems, resistant to the buffeting forces of change. The English botanist Arthur Tansley coined the word “ecosystem” in 1935; the maintenance of stability would soon be described as one of the cardinal properties of ecologies. Soon economists were relating homeostasis to self-correcting markets; Norbert Wiener, the mathematician, saw that machines and creatures might be governed by autonomous control systems stabilized by “feedback” loops. Cells, cities, societies, even political institutions—all had the capacity to steady their states through the actions of self-regulated and counterpoised forces."
-- "My Father’s Body, at Rest and in Motion" by Siddhartha Mukherjee (https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2018/01/08/my-fathers-body-at-rest-and-in-motion)
ruzuzu commented on the word homeostasis
"In the late nineteen-twenties, the physiologist Walter Cannon coined the term “homeostasis”—joining together the Greek homoios (similar) and stasis (stillness). The capacity to sustain internal constancy was an essential feature of an organism, he argued."
ruzuzu commented on the word nebnose
"Of course, you might dismiss my suspicions as no more than the vivid imagination of a writer, and that’s certainly possible, because an occupational hazard of reading and writing about crime is spotting possible criminal enterprise everywhere and in everyone. To be a writer is to be curious, or to use Pittsburgh parlance, a nebnose."
-- "The Suburban Serial Killer Next Door: On the Dark, Imagined Secrets of Pittsburgh" by Rebecca Drake (http://lithub.com/the-suburban-serial-killer-next-door/)
December 29, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word agnotology
"|Robert| Proctor had found that the cigarette industry did not want consumers to know the harms of its product, and it spent billions obscuring the facts of the health effects of smoking. This search led him to create a word for the study of deliberate propagation of ignorance: agnotology.
It comes from agnosis, the neoclassical Greek word for ignorance or ‘not knowing’, and ontology, the branch of metaphysics which deals with the nature of being. Agnotology is the study of wilful acts to spread confusion and deceit, usually to sell a product or win favour."
December 27, 2017
December 26, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word fly-tipping
"Rod Bray of developers Northbridge Properties told Newshub that the culprits were probably trying to cut their own demolition costs by fly-tipping the house.
"The options are either pay to have it demolished, or you dump it somewhere else and make it someone else's problem," he said, pointing out that it would cost his company over NZ$20,000 ($13,800; £10,300) to remove it."
-- "Entire house fly-tipped in New Zealand" http://www.bbc.com/news/blogs-news-from-elsewhere-42166058
November 29, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word Earthquake Baroque
"Earthquake Baroque is a style of Baroque architecture found in the Philippines, which suffered destructive earthquakes during the 17th century and 18th century, where large public buildings, such as churches, were rebuilt in a Baroque style. Similar events led to the Pombaline architecture in Lisbon following the 1755 Lisbon earthquake and Sicilian Baroque in Sicily following the 1693 earthquake."
November 13, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list first-letter-removed-anagram
Wow! What a cool list.
November 6, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list molding--or-having-the-capacity-to-mold-disparate-things-into-a-unified-whole
Would you accept plasticity?
ruzuzu commented on the word Thorsday
ruzuzu commented on the word agon
"The exhibition’s title suggests an agon — Overlook: Teresita Fernández Confronts Frederic Church at Olana. Fernández admits that’s the intention in a promotional video where she addresses the viewer, relating that she “wanted to create a somewhat confrontational and immersive experience” that would reinsert the “cultural component that’s always erased.”"
October 25, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word heat shock protein
"Beginning in the mid-1960s, investigators recognized that many HSPs function as molecular chaperones and thus play a critical role in protein folding, intracellular trafficking of proteins, and coping with proteins denatured by heat and other stresses."
October 23, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word lammergeier
See the examples on phene.
October 18, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word phene
The usage examples for this suggest something quite different: "The so-called phene, or lammergeier, is fond of its young, provides its food with ease, fetches food to its nest, and is of a kindly disposition. (The History of Animals)"
ruzuzu commented on the word alienist
"The physician reading this mysterious letter was no ordinary doctor. He was the Honorable Gustav Scholer, head Coroner for the city of New York, and one of the era’s leading alienists—an arcane term for specialists who studied the mental pathology of those deemed “alienated” from society."
-- "Peek Inside the Grisly, Salacious Case Files of NYC’s Head Coroner in the Early 1900s"
by Luke Spencer (http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/peek-inside-the-grisly-salacious-case-files-of-nycs-head-coroner-in-the-early-1900s)
October 13, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list i-hate-perfume
I just noticed that this is the only listing of "ointmint" (my new favorite word).
October 11, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list exposure
What a great list!
ruzuzu commented on the word Fourier transform
"Of course, if a piano and a violin play the same high C at the exact same volume, there is still some quality that feels different between the two notes. It turns out that pure tones do not occur naturally, and when a piano or violin produces a high C, the sound wave is made up of a specific combination of different pure tones. The different amplitudes and frequencies have nice relationships with one another, which is why you hear a specific note rather than a mess of clashing noises, but the single pitch you hear does not correspond to a single frequency. The hard-to-define quality of sound that allows you to identify what instrument you’re listening to is determined by the exact combination of pure tones. When different instruments all play at the same time, the various pure tones add together to create the music you hear.
"So what do pure tones have to do with the groove on a record being able to tell David Bowie and Nina Simone apart? It turns out that any curve can be written in exactly one way as a combination of curves with uniform amplitude and frequency. In other words, the single squiggle captured in the groove of a record player can be written as a combination of pure tones. And there is only one combination that will produce any particular squiggle. The tool that makes this possible comes from mathematics and is called the Fourier transform. Combined with the fact that the sound we experience is determined by the exact combination of pure tones, this bit of mathematics explains how the vinyl record groove can completely determine the music you hear."
-- "Which Sounds Better, Analog or Digital Music?" by Katrina Morgan (https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/which-sounds-better-analog-or-digital-music/)
ruzuzu commented on the word fresh
These are my favorites from the Century:
"Sober; not tipsy."
October 10, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list confectio-damocritis
Aw, thanks, c_b. Anything to further our studies.
ruzuzu commented on the list nets
Would you consider adding set-net?
October 4, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list a-perfect-red
Another book to add to my list! Thanks, c_b.
ruzuzu commented on the word st johns blood
Heck yeah, it's interesting. I've been trying to figure out how to collect and grind my own pigments (mostly for paper marbling on alum-mordanted paper, but it's fun no matter what).
ruzuzu commented on the word protein
"Proteins were recognized as a distinct class of biological molecules in the eighteenth century by Antoine Fourcroy and others, distinguished by the molecules' ability to coagulate or flocculate under treatments with heat or acid. Noted examples at the time included albumin from egg whites, blood serum albumin, fibrin, and wheat gluten.
"Proteins were first described by the Dutch chemist Gerardus Johannes Mulder and named by the Swedish chemist Jöns Jacob Berzelius in 1838. Mulder carried out elemental analysis of common proteins and found that nearly all proteins had the same empirical formula, C400H620N100O120P1S1. He came to the erroneous conclusion that they might be composed of a single type of (very large) molecule. The term "protein" to describe these molecules was proposed by Mulder's associate Berzelius; protein is derived from the Greek word πρώτειος (proteios), meaning "primary", "in the lead", or "standing in front", + -in."
-- from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Protein&oldid=799576822 (footnote citations removed)
October 3, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list mauve
*favorited* (and also added to my request list at the library)
ruzuzu commented on the list latinized-meme-animals
This list makes me happy.
ruzuzu commented on the word seythe
Further affiant sayeth naught.
ruzuzu commented on the word coal tar
These are great, c_b!
October 2, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list meme-animals
Would you accept doge and/or doggo?
ruzuzu commented on the word type specimen
"Linnaeus' remains comprise the type specimen for the species Homo sapiens, following the International Code of Zoological Nomenclature, since the sole specimen he is known to have examined when writing the species description was himself."
September 29, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list linnaean-lexicon
Are there any lists of scientific names coined by Linnaeus? (And have I just nominated myself to make one?)
ruzuzu commented on the word lac gallinaceum
See comment on bird's milk.
September 28, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word Gagana
ruzuzu commented on the word bird's milk
"The concept of avian milk (Ancient Greek: ὀρνίθων γάλα, ornithon gala) stretches back to ancient Greece. Aristophanes uses "the milk of the birds" in the plays The Birds and The Wasps as a proverbial rarity. The expression is also found in Strabo's Geographica where the island of Samos is described as a blest country to which those who praise it do not hesitate to apply the proverb that "it produces even bird's milk" (φέρει καί ὀρνίθων γάλα). A similar expression lac gallinaceum (Latin for "chicken's milk") was also later used by Petronius (38.1) and Pliny the Elder (Plin. Nat. pr. 24) as a term for a great rarity. The idiom became later common in many languages and appeared in Slavic folk tales. In one such tale the beautiful princess tests the ardor and resourcefulness of her suitor by sending him out into the wilderness to find and bring back the one fantastical luxury she does not have: bird's milk. In the fairy tale Little Hare by Aleksey Remizov (who wrote many imitations of traditional Slavic folk tales) the magic bird Gagana produces milk."
-- From https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ptasie_mleczko&oldid=781825215 (footnote citations removed)
ruzuzu commented on the word ring
"In salt-making, a fire-brick arch of varying length, placed under the evaporating-pans to temper the heat and so prevent the salt from being burned."
September 27, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word evernia
From The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia:
"A genus of parmeliaceous lichens having a fruticulose or pendulous thallus, and apothecia with a concave disk of a color different from that of the thallus. Evernia Prunastri is used for dyeing, and was formerly used, ground down with starch, for hair-powder."
ruzuzu commented on the user Josh.thomaa
I thought the first rule of linguistics fight club was that we weren't allowed to verb about linguistics fight club.
September 26, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word obelus
Oh, excellent, qms. Well done!
ruzuzu commented on the word gutter
It certainly stands out--I guess I'd never thought about where it comes from before.
September 18, 2017
I like this part from the Century: "In printing, one of a number of pieces of wood or metal, channeled in the center with a groove or gutter, used to separate the pages of type in a form. Also gutter-stick."
ruzuzu commented on the word sea silk
See comment on byssus.
September 14, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word byssus
"Sea silk sounds like the stuff of legend. Harvested from rare clams, this thread flashes gold in the sunlight, weighs almost nothing, and comes with a heavy load of misunderstanding, misinterpretation, and misinformation. But the fiber itself is no myth. Its flaxen strands come from Pinna nobilis, or the pen shell, a giant Mediterranean mollusk that measures up to a yard in length. To attach themselves to rocks or the seafloor, some clams secrete proteins that, upon contact with seawater, harden into a silky filament called byssus. The byssus of the pen shell makes sea silk, the world’s rarest thread."
ruzuzu commented on the list encyclopedia-gustatorica
September 11, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word chalupa
It's also the name for a kind of boat. See la chalupa.
ruzuzu commented on the list anagrams-of-placenames
I adore anagrams. Any chance we could convince you to tag each of these with their corresponding place names?
September 8, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list stormanteau
Any portmanteau in a stormanteau!
ruzuzu commented on the word anthrotherology
"As human settlements expand across the earth’s surface, conflicts with wildlife are increasing. According to a review in the journal Animal Conservation, this represents “one of the most widespread and intractable issues facing |conservationists| today.” Researchers have been paying closer attention to these clashes: The number of scientific articles published annually about human-wildlife conflict (ranging from grain theft by rodents to farmers being trampled by elephants) increased from zero to more than 700 between 1995 and 2015, as indexed by Google Scholar. There have even been calls to coin an entire new discipline for studying the issue: anthrotherology, combining the Greek words for human (anthropos) and wild animal (ther). To understand the anthrotherologist’s dilemma, look to other countries’ parallels, like Japan’s wild hog problem or, closer to home, many national parks’ issues with bears."
-- "On the Front Lines of South Africa's Baboon Wars" by Kimon de Greef (https://www.outsideonline.com/2231291/frontlines-south-africas-human-vs-baboon-war)
September 6, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word polyploidy
Here's where I was looking: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Polyploid&oldid=798346728
ruzuzu commented on the word endopolyploidy
See comments on polyploidy.
So I was just doing a bit of Wiki-ing and found this: "In addition, polyploidy occurs in some tissues of animals that are otherwise diploid, such as human muscle tissues. This is known as endopolyploidy."
ruzuzu commented on the list animal-identity-crisis
Wasn't there a list of plants that have animals in their names? Where was that?
Edit: I found it! See madmouth's love-across-kingdoms.
ruzuzu commented on the list love-across-kingdoms
Ah, here it is! I was looking for this list over on bilby's animal-identity-crisis.
ruzuzu commented on the word localization
See citation on Anderson localization.
August 30, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word Anderson localization
"In the 1950s, Philip Anderson, a physicist at Bell Laboratories, discovered a strange phenomenon. In some situations where it seems as though waves should advance freely, they just stop — like a tsunami halting in the middle of the ocean.
Anderson won the 1977 Nobel Prize in physics for his discovery of what is now called Anderson localization, a term that refers to waves that stay in some “local” region rather than propagating the way you’d expect. He studied the phenomenon in the context of electrons moving through impure materials (electrons behave as both particles and waves), but under certain circumstances it can happen with other types of waves as well."
-- "Mathematicians Tame Rogue Waves, Lighting Up Future of LEDs" by Kevin Hartnett (https://www.quantamagazine.org/mathematicians-tame-rogue-waves-lighting-up-future-of-leds-20170822)
ruzuzu commented on the word fist cods
Apparently "a slaughterhouse worker who removes the hide from the rear legs of lambs and calves and curries calf carcasses."
August 29, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word Moon illusion
"The Moon illusion is an optical illusion which causes the Moon to appear larger near the horizon than it does higher up in the sky."
ruzuzu commented on the list sick-animals
Nice! Hernesheir's got a sheepishness list.
August 28, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list test-list--23
August 17, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word amphipathic
See usage example on guaiacol.
ruzuzu commented on the word guaiacol
"The researchers focused on a small amphipathic compound known as guaiacol. This molecule is linked with the smoky taste that develops when malted barley is smoked on peat fires, and is far more common in Scottish whiskies than in American or Irish ones, the researchers said."
ruzuzu commented on the word swaddle
"The biggest limitation to this research may be the definition of swaddling itself. The authors of the study acknowledge one of the “several” limitations to their meta-analysis is the fact that none of the studies they reviewed clearly outlined what constitutes a swaddle. And besides that, as anyone who has tried to swaddle a baby can confirm, good swaddling takes practice. Many parents, for fear of too tightly wrapping their babies, end up swaddling too loosely, which is itself a suffocation hazard. (Some daycare centers in the United States don’t allow swaddling for this reason.)"
August 16, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word sousveillance
"The term "sousveillance", coined by Steve Mann, stems from the contrasting French words sur, meaning "above", and sous, meaning "below", i.e. "surveillance" denotes the "eye-in-the-sky" watching from above, whereas "sousveillance" denotes bringing the camera or other means of observation down to human level, either physically (mounting cameras on people rather than on buildings), or hierarchically (ordinary people doing the watching, rather than higher authorities or architectures doing the watching)."
ruzuzu commented on the word pastry
"n. A place where pies, tarts, etc., are made.
"n. Viands made of paste, or of which paste constitutes a principal ingredient; particularly, the crust or cover of a pie, tart, or the like."
August 11, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word squaffles
I prefer fufluns.
ruzuzu commented on the word twistical
Another great one. Thanks, qms.
ruzuzu commented on the word bicinia
"In music of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras, a bicinium (pl. bicinia) was a composition for only two parts, especially one for the purpose of teaching counterpoint or singing."
August 10, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word curculio
Is it weird that I think those weevils are kinda cute?
August 9, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word nutation
ruzuzu commented on the word counternutation
"Nutation and counternutation refer to movement of the sacrum defined by the rotation of the promontory downwards and anteriorly, as with lumbar extension (nutation); or upwards and posteriorly, as with lumbar flexion (counternutation)."
ruzuzu commented on the word et in arcadia ego
ruzuzu commented on the word scenography
Nice one, qms!
ruzuzu commented on the word interoception
"Few neuroscientists still believe in an immaterial soul. Yet many follow Descartes in claiming that conscious experience involves awareness of a ‘thinking thing’: the self. There is an emerging consensus that such self-awareness is actually a form of bodily awareness, produced (at least in part) by interoception, our ability to monitor and detect autonomic and visceral processes. For example, the feeling of an elevated heart rate can provide information to the embodied organism that it is in a dangerous or difficult situation."
August 8, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word tork
See comments on torks, torque, etc.
August 7, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word torque
There were a couple of examples over on torked.
ruzuzu commented on the word millwright
"As the name suggests, the original function of a millwright was the construction of flour mills, sawmills, paper mills and fulling mills powered by water or wind, mostly of wood with a limited number of metal parts. Since both of these structures originated from antiquity, millwrighting could be considered, arguably, as one of the oldest engineering trades and the forerunner of the modern mechanical engineer.
In modern usage, a millwright is engaged with the erection of machinery. This includes such tasks as leveling, aligning and installing machinery on foundations or base plates and setting, leveling and aligning electric motors or other power sources such as turbines with the equipment, which millwrights typically connect with some type of coupling."
August 4, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word paraquat
See comment on viologen.
August 2, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word viologen
"The name is because this class of compounds is easily reduced to the radical mono cation, which is colored intensely blue.
Possibly the best-known viologen is paraquat, which is one of the world's most widely used herbicides."
ruzuzu commented on the word bromide
"A bit of calm doesn’t sound so bad, but the sedative dose of bromide is too near bromide’s toxicity level. Plus, bromide can accumulate in our bodies. Back in the 1930s-1950s, overuse of bromide products led to appropriately named medical conditions. Bromide-induced coma was dubbed ‘the bromide sleep’. General bromide toxicity was ‘bromism’. Outside medicine, if you were just a bit of a bore you were insultingly called a ‘bromide’."
-- From "Brominated vegetable oil" by Raychelle Burks (https://www.chemistryworld.com/podcasts/brominated-vegetable-oil/9527.article)
See, also: brominated vegetable oil, creaming.
July 28, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word brominated vegetable oil
See comment on creaming.
ruzuzu commented on the word BVO
Short for brominated vegetable oil. See comment on creaming.
ruzuzu commented on the word creaming
"Brominated vegetable oil, called BVO for short, is made by adding bromine across the double bonds of certain fatty acids in vegetable oil, usually soybean oil. Like plain vegetable oil, BVO does a good job of dissolving water-insoluble food flavour, fragrance and colouring agents, serving as a carrier for these agents in soft drinks, which are mostly water. Neither plain vegetable oil or BVO is water soluble, but we can make oil/water emulsions, dispersing tiny droplets of flavour-carrying oil throughout a soda solution.
"But why use BVO when plain ol’ vegetable oil could work? Density. Over time, gravity does its job and the emulsion breaks down, causing the oil and water to separate. If a plain vegetable oil is used, the oil fraction – which contains those all-important flavouring agents – would float to the top. Food scientists call this ‘creaming’."
ruzuzu commented on the list dogs-named-in-russian-literature
What a delightful list!
July 20, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word iphone
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