ruzuzu commented on the list test-list--23
August 17, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word amphipathic
See usage example on guaiacol.
ruzuzu commented on the word guaiacol
"The researchers focused on a small amphipathic compound known as guaiacol. This molecule is linked with the smoky taste that develops when malted barley is smoked on peat fires, and is far more common in Scottish whiskies than in American or Irish ones, the researchers said."
ruzuzu commented on the word swaddle
"The biggest limitation to this research may be the definition of swaddling itself. The authors of the study acknowledge one of the “several” limitations to their meta-analysis is the fact that none of the studies they reviewed clearly outlined what constitutes a swaddle. And besides that, as anyone who has tried to swaddle a baby can confirm, good swaddling takes practice. Many parents, for fear of too tightly wrapping their babies, end up swaddling too loosely, which is itself a suffocation hazard. (Some daycare centers in the United States don’t allow swaddling for this reason.)"
August 16, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word sousveillance
"The term "sousveillance", coined by Steve Mann, stems from the contrasting French words sur, meaning "above", and sous, meaning "below", i.e. "surveillance" denotes the "eye-in-the-sky" watching from above, whereas "sousveillance" denotes bringing the camera or other means of observation down to human level, either physically (mounting cameras on people rather than on buildings), or hierarchically (ordinary people doing the watching, rather than higher authorities or architectures doing the watching)."
ruzuzu commented on the word pastry
From The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia:
"n. A place where pies, tarts, etc., are made.
"n. Viands made of paste, or of which paste constitutes a principal ingredient; particularly, the crust or cover of a pie, tart, or the like."
August 11, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word squaffles
I prefer fufluns.
ruzuzu commented on the word twistical
Another great one. Thanks, qms.
ruzuzu commented on the word bicinia
"In music of the Renaissance and early Baroque eras, a bicinium (pl. bicinia) was a composition for only two parts, especially one for the purpose of teaching counterpoint or singing."
August 10, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word curculio
Is it weird that I think those weevils are kinda cute?
August 9, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word nutation
ruzuzu commented on the word counternutation
"Nutation and counternutation refer to movement of the sacrum defined by the rotation of the promontory downwards and anteriorly, as with lumbar extension (nutation); or upwards and posteriorly, as with lumbar flexion (counternutation)."
ruzuzu commented on the word et in arcadia ego
ruzuzu commented on the word scenography
Nice one, qms!
ruzuzu commented on the word interoception
"Few neuroscientists still believe in an immaterial soul. Yet many follow Descartes in claiming that conscious experience involves awareness of a ‘thinking thing’: the self. There is an emerging consensus that such self-awareness is actually a form of bodily awareness, produced (at least in part) by interoception, our ability to monitor and detect autonomic and visceral processes. For example, the feeling of an elevated heart rate can provide information to the embodied organism that it is in a dangerous or difficult situation."
August 8, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word tork
See comments on torks, torque, etc.
August 7, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word torque
There were a couple of examples over on torked.
ruzuzu commented on the word millwright
"As the name suggests, the original function of a millwright was the construction of flour mills, sawmills, paper mills and fulling mills powered by water or wind, mostly of wood with a limited number of metal parts. Since both of these structures originated from antiquity, millwrighting could be considered, arguably, as one of the oldest engineering trades and the forerunner of the modern mechanical engineer.
In modern usage, a millwright is engaged with the erection of machinery. This includes such tasks as leveling, aligning and installing machinery on foundations or base plates and setting, leveling and aligning electric motors or other power sources such as turbines with the equipment, which millwrights typically connect with some type of coupling."
August 4, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word paraquat
See comment on viologen.
August 2, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word viologen
"The name is because this class of compounds is easily reduced to the radical mono cation, which is colored intensely blue.
Possibly the best-known viologen is paraquat, which is one of the world's most widely used herbicides."
ruzuzu commented on the word bromide
"A bit of calm doesn’t sound so bad, but the sedative dose of bromide is too near bromide’s toxicity level. Plus, bromide can accumulate in our bodies. Back in the 1930s-1950s, overuse of bromide products led to appropriately named medical conditions. Bromide-induced coma was dubbed ‘the bromide sleep’. General bromide toxicity was ‘bromism’. Outside medicine, if you were just a bit of a bore you were insultingly called a ‘bromide’."
-- From "Brominated vegetable oil" by Raychelle Burks (https://www.chemistryworld.com/podcasts/brominated-vegetable-oil/9527.article)
See, also: brominated vegetable oil, creaming.
July 28, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word brominated vegetable oil
See comment on creaming.
ruzuzu commented on the word BVO
Short for brominated vegetable oil. See comment on creaming.
ruzuzu commented on the word creaming
"Brominated vegetable oil, called BVO for short, is made by adding bromine across the double bonds of certain fatty acids in vegetable oil, usually soybean oil. Like plain vegetable oil, BVO does a good job of dissolving water-insoluble food flavour, fragrance and colouring agents, serving as a carrier for these agents in soft drinks, which are mostly water. Neither plain vegetable oil or BVO is water soluble, but we can make oil/water emulsions, dispersing tiny droplets of flavour-carrying oil throughout a soda solution.
"But why use BVO when plain ol’ vegetable oil could work? Density. Over time, gravity does its job and the emulsion breaks down, causing the oil and water to separate. If a plain vegetable oil is used, the oil fraction – which contains those all-important flavouring agents – would float to the top. Food scientists call this ‘creaming’."
ruzuzu commented on the list dogs-named-in-russian-literature
What a delightful list!
July 20, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word iphone
ruzuzu commented on the list chemistry-and-alchemy
I just arrived here after clicking on lixiviate. What a nice list!
July 19, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word kali
See additional definitions on Kali.
ruzuzu commented on the word Kali
"n. The plant Salsola Kali, the prickly saltwort or glasswort. See alkali and Salsola.
n. Potash: so called by German chemists. Also kalin.
n. A carpet with a long pile, as distinguished from the carpets without nap.
n. The largest in the set of carpets commonly used in a Persian room, filling the center of the room."
n. For words beginning thus, see cali-."
ruzuzu commented on the user luthien13
luthien13: Welcome to Wordnik!
bilby: I totally read that as ADHD.
July 17, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word encephalophone
July 14, 2017
Oh look! A delicious food pellet!
ruzuzu commented on the list western-pioneer-modern-recipes
I love that bunny salad and drum major salad appear right next to each other on this list.
July 13, 2017
*sends telepathic button-pushing signal*
Ooh! Does anyone have a theremin I can borrow?
ruzuzu commented on the word buhach
See citation on pyrethrum.
July 12, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word insectifuge
ruzuzu commented on the word pyrethrum
From the Century:
"n. A powdered preparation of pyrethrum, used as an insectifuge. Also called pyrethrum-powder. See insect-powder and buhach.
n. In pharmacy, the Anacyclus Pyrethrum, or pellitory-of-Spain."
ruzuzu commented on the word butcha
"A young one; a boy, babe, bairn, urchin, chit, chicken, sapling, etc."
July 11, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word Ramus
"On the occasion of receiving his degree in 1536, Ramus allegedly took as his thesis Quaecumque ab Aristotele dicta essent, commentitia esse, which Walter J. Ong paraphrases as follows: 'All the things that Aristotle has said are inconsistent because they are poorly systematized and can be called to mind only by the use of arbitrary mnemonic devices.'"
July 2, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word Lullian Circle
See comment on Ars magna.
ruzuzu commented on the word Ars magna
"One of the most significant changes between the original and the second version of the Art was in the visuals used. The early version used 16 figures presented as complex, complementary trees, while the system of the Ars Magna featured only four, including one which combined the other three. This figure, a "Lullian Circle," took the form of a paper machine operated by rotating concentrically arranged circles to combine his symbolic alphabet, which was repeated on each level. These combinations were said to show all possible truth about the subject of inquiry."
See comment on Herborn Encyclopaedists.
July 1, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word Llull
ruzuzu commented on the word Herborn Encyclopaedists
"Leibniz’s broader vision of the power of logical calculation was inspired by many thinkers — from the logical works of Aristotle and Ramus to Thomas Hobbes’s proposal to equate reasoning with computation. But Leibniz’s curiosity around the art of combinations per se was sparked by a group called the “Herborn Encyclopaedists” through whom he became acquainted with the works of Ramon Llull, a Majorcan philosopher, logician, and mystical thinker who is thought to have died seven centuries ago this year. Llull’s Ars magna (or “ultimate general art”) from 1308 outlines a form of analysis and argumentation based on working with different permutations of a small number of fundamental attributes."
ruzuzu commented on the word elephant test
Wikipedia says "the term elephant test refers to situations in which an idea or thing, 'is hard to describe, but instantly recognizable when spotted'."
June 30, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word Fodmaps
"And sometimes your gut distress isn’t caused by a germ at all. It could be an overdose of fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides and polyols, known in public health circles as Fodmaps. These are essentially carbohydrates that, eaten in excess, are not well absorbed in the small intestine and then make their way into your colon to cause all kinds of trouble. They include myriad things we’re encouraged to eat including broccoli, brussels sprouts, radicchio, asparagus, avocados, mushrooms, peaches, whole grains and legumes."
-- "What to Blame for Your Stomach Bug? Not Always the Last Thing You Ate" (https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/29/well/live/what-to-blame-for-your-stomach-bug-not-always-the-last-thing-you-ate.html)
June 29, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list words-that-sound-like-insults-but-are-not
ruzuzu commented on the list drug-store-items-that-would-make-horrible-superhero-names
Exactly--with his aviator glasses and bomber jacket (which he'd have picked up last winter in the "seasonal" section).
June 28, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list brokeneyes-words
June 27, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list poetic-notions
ruzuzu commented on the word logothete
Nice one, qms.
Also, I'm adding this to my hence list.
ruzuzu commented on the list confused-pairs
ruzuzu commented on the list every-word-ive-seen-objected-to-on-grammatical-grounds
ruzuzu commented on the word civet
ruzuzu commented on the word meteotsunami
I saw something about that, too--was it about one of the Great Lakes?
June 26, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word zooid
See citation on pyrosome.
June 23, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word pyrosome
"Each pyrosome is made up of individual zooids – small, multicellular organisms – linked together in a tunic to form a tube-like colony that is closed on one end. They are filter feeders and use cilia to draw plankton into their mucous filter."
-- "Researchers probe explosion of pyrosomes off the Northwest Coast" (https://www.nwfsc.noaa.gov/news/features/pyrosomes/index.cfm)
ruzuzu commented on the word frugivore
I haven't had enough coffee for a limerick, so I'll default to haiku:
qms plants seeds
and encourages us to
cultivate our own.
ruzuzu commented on the word sourtoe
Why a cocktail? Wouldn't jam make more sense?
June 22, 2017
Chimps and fruit bats are picky.
When it comes to their lunch, it's sticky.
Why eat cheese or meat?
Choose fruits or a beet.
(But maybe not a durian--they're icky.)
ruzuzu commented on the word matta
I was thinking something more like the university from Rocky and Bullwinkle: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RSVq7X7OPeQ
ruzuzu commented on the list woolfs-to-the-lighthouse
Arrived here after getting liftman as a random word. What a nice list!
June 21, 2017
What's a matta?
ruzuzu commented on the user lanas
Your lists are lovely.
ruzuzu commented on the word rubato
""|Hélène| Grimaud doesn't sound like most pianists: she is a rubato artist, a reinventor of phrasings, a taker of chances. "A wrong note that is played out of élan, you hear it differently than one that is played out of fear," she says.""
June 20, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list is-defined-as---search-results
I've added it to my list.
June 19, 2017
This is great!
ruzuzu commented on the word jean dimmock
ruzuzu commented on the word Prussian blue
"The pigment replaced the expensive lapis lazuli and was an important topic in the letters exchanged between Johann Leonhard Frisch and the president of the Royal Academy of Sciences, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, between 1708 and 1716."
June 16, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list antiquated-quackery
Would you consider adding bezoars to your list?
June 15, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word penciled
"Marked with fine lines, as if scratched with a pen or painted with a fine brush; specifically, marked with a series of concentric lines, as every feather of the body-plumage of a dark brahma or a partridge cochin hen."
-- from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
ruzuzu commented on the list cryptolects
Just got polari as a random word. Is someone trying to send me a message?
ruzuzu commented on the list will-do-in-a-pinch
I just read this in an article about Steve Casner's “Careful: A User’s Guide to Our Injury-Prone Minds,” (at http://www.newyorker.com/books/page-turner/be-careful-your-mind-makes-accidents-inevitable):
"To an extent, we are accident-prone because we are imaginative. We are determined to use familiar tools in novel ways—we might use a knife handle, say, to break up ice in the freezer, or a screwdriver to pry open a stuck drawer. The problem is that we imagine how things will go right but not how they will go wrong. In psychological terms, we perceive “affordances for action” (the blade of the screwdriver prying off the lid), but not “affordances for harm” (the blade breaking off, flying upward, and stabbing us in the eye). Casner worries that our optimism about our own plans might be an insurmountable part of our evolutionary heritage. Recalling the time he fell off a chair while trying to replace the batteries in his smoke detector—he should have used a ladder—Casner reflects that, in our primate past, it was the climbers who ate."
June 14, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list pickle-and-such
From now on, I'll be saying ptero's name as pterodactickle.
This is great, hh. Just arrived here after looking up buffalo nickel.
ruzuzu commented on the word Book Book
The keeper of the raccoon's nook, of course, is the raccoonnookkeeper, which see.
June 13, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word raccoonnookkeeper
Also see Book Book.
And if that grumpy hen has a raccoon keeping track of her finances from another quiet corner, that would be the Book Book chook cook's raccoon nook bookkeeper.
ruzuzu commented on the word thermistor
"Your car is equipped not with a thermometer but with a thermistor. Thermistors work in a similar manner to thermometers, but rather than using a liquid like mercury, thermistors measure the change in electrical current as a result of heat added or taken away. Thermistors are quite convenient, since they are small, cheap to make and for the most part, accurate."
-- from "This is why your car thermometer is almost always wrong" by Greg Porter, in the Washington Post (https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/capital-weather-gang/wp/2017/06/12/this-is-why-your-car-thermometer-is-almost-always-wrong/?utm_term=.3c6fc7bbdc39)
ruzuzu commented on the list food-that-shall-not-be-named
Um, would you rather have some fufluns? I'm sure we could scare up a few around here somewhere.
June 9, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list de--3
June 8, 2017
What--you don't think baby mice wine would go with the head cheese?
ruzuzu commented on the word mother
Haha! I'm a sucker for anything stringy and mucilaginous.
June 7, 2017
"n. A stringy, mucilaginous substance which forms in vinegar during the acetous fermentation, and the presence of which sets up and hastens this kind of fermentation. It is produced by a plant, Mycoderma aceti, the germs of which, like those of the yeast-plant, exist in the atmosphere."
--from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
ruzuzu commented on the word nitrum
From the examples:
"Mention of this substance is made in (Proverbs 25: 20) -- "and as vinegar upon nitre" -- and in (Jeremiah 2: 26) The article denoted is not that which we now understand by the term nitre i.e. nitrate of Potassa -- "saltpetre" -- but the nitrum of the Latins and the natron or native carbonate of soda of modern chemistry."
Smith's Bible Dictionary
ruzuzu commented on the word guile
"n. The fermented wort used by vinegar-makers."
ruzuzu commented on the word mosto
"n. Must; specifically, a preparation used for “doctoring” wines of inferior quality: same as doctor, 6."
ruzuzu commented on the word four thieves vinegar
"Four thieves vinegar (also called Marseilles vinegar, Marseilles remedy, prophylactic vinegar, vinegar of the four thieves, camphorated acetic acid, vinaigre des quatre voleurs and acetum quator furum) is a concoction of vinegar (either from red wine, white wine, cider, or distilled white) infused with herbs, spices or garlic that was believed to protect users from the plague. The recipe for this vinegar has almost as many variations as its legend."
This list could be paired nicely with john's revolting-beverages.
I'm glad this is an open list.
June 6, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word morsure
Oh, you--with your mordant wit. Now I'm even more sure to add this to my mordants list.
June 2, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word morsus
This seems right up biocon's alley.
ruzuzu commented on the word Holdrege
"The Holdrege series consists of very deep, well drained, moderately permeable soils formed in calcareous loess."
May 26, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word entisol
Do we not have any lists of soils? I'm fond of the Holdrege series (for obvious reasons).
ruzuzu commented on the word evaporated cane juice
Ah. Nice. I just added it to Prolagus's •-crappie-food list.
ruzuzu commented on the word versing
May 24, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word conker
ruzuzu commented on the word lightning
See citation on side splash.
May 23, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word side flash
ruzuzu commented on the word side splash
"Justin believes that he experienced what’s called a side flash or side splash, in which the lightning ‘splashes’ from something that has been struck – such as a tree or telephone pole – hopscotching to a nearby object or person. Considered the second most common lightning hazard, side splashes inflict 20 to 30 per cent of injuries and fatalities."
ruzuzu commented on the word bad trim
Oh, reverse dictionary. You're my favorite. (Just don't tell weirdnet.)
Edit: (Or the Century.)
ruzuzu commented on the list bon-voyage
ruzuzu commented on the word dirt crack assessor
ruzuzu commented on the list vocabularies
My new favorite list! Thanks, kalayzich.
I remember many happy childhood hours spent in my small town playing games such as "How Far Does This Crack In The Dirt Go?" or "Can We Knock Down That Icicle With A Snowball?"
Kids these days don't know what they're missing.
May 22, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list marble--2
I just found oner.
ruzuzu commented on the list impossible-wind-up-toys
Just arrived here again after looking up conker. I still love this list!
ruzuzu commented on the word tyromancy
I had the same thought, seanahan.
ruzuzu commented on the list heraldry
ruzuzu commented on the word barium oxide
See comment on pittacal.
ruzuzu commented on the word pittacal
"Pittacal was the first synthetic dyestuff to be produced commercially. It was accidentally discovered by German chemist Carl Ludwig Reichenbach in 1832, who was also the discoverer of kerosene, phenol, eupion, paraffin wax and creosote.
As the history goes, Reichenbach applied creosote to the wooden posts of his home, in order to drive away dogs who urinated on them. The strategy was ineffectual, however, and he noted that the dog's urine reacted with creosote to form an intense dark blue deposit. He named the new substance píttacal (from Greek words tar and beautiful). He later was able to produce pure pittacal by treating beechwood tar with barium oxide and using alumina as a mordant to the dye's fabrics. Although sold commercially as a dyestuff, it did not fare well."
ruzuzu commented on the word harewood
"In the 18th century airwood came to be used by marqueteurs; for most artificial colours they used holly, which takes vegetable dyes very well, but airwood was employed either in its natural off-white state or stained with iron sulphate to produce a range of silver and silver-grey hues. The reason that airwood was preferred to holly for this colour was that it gave a metallic sheen or lustre, while holly dyed by the same process turned a rather dead grey. The use of airwood in this way meant that by the 19th century it was associated specifically with that colour, and at the same time name gradually changed from airwood to harewood."
-- From Wikipedia's harewood (material) page
ruzuzu commented on the word iron sulphate
"Known since ancient times as copperas and as green vitriol, the blue-green heptahydrate is the most common form of this material."
-- From Wikipedia's Iron(II) sulphate page
ruzuzu commented on the word airwood
See citation in comment on harewood.
ruzuzu commented on the list my-stupid-day
I also love that this list has proofread.
May 19, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list words-from-the-airport
Ooh! More excellent band names here.
ruzuzu commented on the list animal-identity-crisis
Someone just listed cattle egret on a different list. I clicked on it, made sure it was listed on my cattle list, then showed up over here--only to see my comment from 2012.
Egrets, I have a few.
ruzuzu commented on the word open lists
open list is my middle name.
ruzuzu commented on the list can-t-stop-won-t-stop
I miss our-john.
ruzuzu commented on the list the-notions-salesman
That's good to hear. I've been looking forward to reading it.
ruzuzu commented on the list disappointing-wikipedia-links
So many potential band names here.
Oh! Wordsmith? I get those e-mails, too--and I'm a huge fan of the Internet Anagram Server.
Oh, fun! Nice list, tristero.
May 18, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list soup-words
ruzuzu commented on the word schav
I adore sorrels.
Don't we have some soup lists around here?
ruzuzu commented on the list yall
How'd y'all feel about adding all y'all?
ruzuzu commented on the list possess-a-fimbriate-and-otherwise-adorned-opisthocephalic-plate
ruzuzu commented on the word pronged ant
Having just seen the citation on zombee, I'm left wondering whether the prongs should be called ant-lers.
May 11, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list words-from-arabic
One of my favorite qualities about this site is that every potential list is an existing list--but I think it's also true that every list has potential.
And this is a good one.
May 10, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list common-names-for--i-datura-stramonium-i
(I just got metel as a random word.)
Nice! You might find some yoinkworthy entries over on of-arabic-origin.
ruzuzu commented on the word eduction
But most of the usage examples and tweets do seem to be typos about education.
I have access to the online version of the Oxford English Dictionary, which lists usage examples going back to at least the 1600's. Here are some of the definitions:
1. "Med. The excretion, expulsion, or removal of something from the body. Obs."
3.a. "The action of bringing out or developing something from a state of latent, rudimentary, or potential existence; an instance or result of this."
3.b. "Chem. The action of isolating a substance from a compound or mixture in which it is present; extraction. Now rare."
4. "The inferring of a principle, conclusion, etc., from premises or available data. Also: a result of this, an inference; cf. educt n. 3." (Which has "That which is inferred or elicited from something; a product or result of inference or development.")
5. "Mech a. The passage of steam, water, or vapour out of a vessel through a pipe or tube provided for the purpose; spec. (in a steam engine) the exit of steam from the cylinder after it has done its work in propelling the piston; cf. exhaust n. 1a(a) and the note there. Usu. attrib. (see Compounds). Now chiefly hist."
6. "The bringing about or occasioning of an act, event, emotion, etc. Cf. educe v. 4."
ruzuzu commented on the list words-made-of-roman-numerals
Fantastic list! I just arrived here after getting ilicic as a random word.
May 9, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list fix
Marvelous. I wish I knew more about Ludolf Bakhuizen.
ruzuzu commented on the word psychozoic
ruzuzu commented on the word Lugol's solution
See citation on iodine.
ruzuzu commented on the word iodine
"Iodine is used in chemistry as an indicator for starch. When starch is mixed with iodine in solution, an intensely dark blue colour develops, representing a starch/iodine complex. Starch is a substance common to most plant cells and so a weak iodine solution will stain starch present in the cells. Iodine is one component in the staining technique known as Gram staining, used in microbiology. Lugol's solution or Lugol's iodine (IKI) is a brown solution that turns black in the presence of starches and can be used as a cell stain, making the cell nuclei more visible. Iodine is also used as a mordant in Gram's staining, it enhances dye to enter through the pore present in the cell wall/membrane."
ruzuzu commented on the word geranium lake
See citation on eosin.
ruzuzu commented on the word eosin
"Van Gogh was a fan of the vivid scarlet ‘geranium lake’ pigment derived from the synthetic dye, eosin. Even at the time it was known to fade. He compensated by using it more intensely, but was ultimately unable to hold back the photochemical tide."
ruzuzu commented on the word Aristotle's lantern
"The mouth of most sea urchins is made up of five calcium carbonate teeth or jaws, with a fleshy, tongue-like structure within. The entire chewing organ is known as Aristotle's lantern . . . , from Aristotle's description in his History of Animals:
...the urchin has what we mainly call its head and mouth down below, and a place for the issue of the residuum up above. The urchin has, also, five hollow teeth inside, and in the middle of these teeth a fleshy substance serving the office of a tongue. Next to this comes the esophagus, and then the stomach, divided into five parts, and filled with excretion, all the five parts uniting at the anal vent, where the shell is perforated for an outlet... In reality the mouth-apparatus of the urchin is continuous from one end to the other, but to outward appearance it is not so, but looks like a horn lantern with the panes of horn left out. (Tr. D'Arcy Thompson)
However, this has recently been proven to be a mistranslation. Aristotle's lantern is actually referring to the whole shape of sea urchins, which look like the ancient lamps of Aristotle's time."
ruzuzu commented on the list tweezer-like
ruzuzu commented on the word structural coloration
"Structural coloration is the production of colour by microscopically structured surfaces fine enough to interfere with visible light, sometimes in combination with pigments. For example, peacock tail feathers are pigmented brown, but their microscopic structure makes them also reflect blue, turquoise, and green light, and they are often iridescent."
May 8, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word marble berry
"Pollia condensata, colloquially called the marble berry, is a perennial herbaceous plant with stoloniferous stems and shiny, metallic blue, hard, dry, round fruit. It is found in forested regions of Africa. The glossy blue of the berry-like fruit, created by structural coloration, is the most intense of any known biological material."
ruzuzu commented on the word fluid hammer
See citation on water hammer.
ruzuzu commented on the word hydraulic shock
ruzuzu commented on the word water hammer
"Water hammer (or, more generally, fluid hammer) is a pressure surge or wave caused when a fluid (usually a liquid but sometimes also a gas) in motion is forced to stop or change direction suddenly (momentum change). A water hammer commonly occurs when a valve closes suddenly at an end of a pipeline system, and a pressure wave propagates in the pipe. It is also called hydraulic shock."
ruzuzu commented on the word paillard
Oh, cruel bilby! I just went to see whether that's an actual list--but it's not. I hereby nominate you to create it.
May 6, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word flowers
For its use in old chemistry, see flower.
May 5, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word flower
"plural In chem., fine particles of a substance, especially when raised by fire in sublimation, and adhering to the heads of vessels in the form of a powder or mealy deposit: as, the flowers of sulphur."
ruzuzu commented on the word liquor
From the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English:
"A solution of a medicinal substance in water; -- distinguished from tincture and aqua."
May 4, 2017
"A vagabond who sleeps in straw; hence, one who lives alow, knavish life; a dissolute fellow."
ruzuzu commented on the list handspinning-words
I just got silk-winder as a random word.
ruzuzu commented on the list macquarie-dictionary-bird-references
I'm sure there's a way. There are a couple of us wordnik folk over there--I even share curatorship of some boards (including one that's just plinths).
ruzuzu commented on the word predicable
"A logical term considered as capable of being universally predicated of another; usually, one of the five words, or five kinds of predicates, according to the Aristotelian logic, namely genus, species, difference, property, and accident."
May 3, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word hylemorphism
See citation in comment on hylomorphism.
ruzuzu commented on the word hylomorphism
"Hylomorphism (or hylemorphism) is a philosophical theory developed by Aristotle, which conceives being (ousia) as a compound of matter and form.
The word is a 19th-century term formed from the Greek words ὕλη hyle, "wood, matter" and μορφή, morphē, "form.""
ruzuzu commented on the list and-the-last-first
I'm still combing through the archives (as it were) and finding such gems. Long live wordie/nik!
Just arrived here after getting phylogeography as a random word. What a fun list! Thanks, mollusque.
ruzuzu commented on the word passerine bird
ruzuzu commented on the list aarne-thompson-classification-system-for-folktales
Thanks, vm. I was working on fairy-tales, too. (I'd thought about cross-referencing them with tags, etc., but haven't gotten there yet.)
May 2, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word potholer
From Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License:
"n. someone who explores potholes as a hobby"
May 1, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list polychronic-liquidators--cyf
I arrived here again after catching vent-peg as a random word. I adore this list.
ruzuzu commented on the word aarne-thompson-uther classification system
Nice, vm. I had started a list of a few of these... see aarne-thompson-classification-system-for-folktales.
ruzuzu commented on the list confectio-damocritis
That's fantastic, alexz. I've been amused by how all of this stuff seems to be related--alchemy, chemistry, cooking, pharmacy, &c., but now I'm reminded of an old joke: What do you get for the person who has everything? Penicillin.
These are great!
April 27, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word confectio Damocritis
In the meantime, would you like to snack on a carrot? I've also got some olives.
Hold on--I just went to the store for gum Arabic, but now I've realized I'm all out of spikenard.
ruzuzu commented on the word Confectio Damocritis
See comments on confectio damocritis and confectio Damocritis.
ruzuzu commented on the word Bolus of Mendes
"Bolus of Mendes (Greek: Βῶλος Bolos; fl. 3rd century BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, a neo-Pythagorean writer of works of esoterica and medical works, who worked in Ptolemaic Egypt. The Suda, and Eudocia after him, mention a Pythagorean philosopher of Mendes in Egypt, who wrote on marvels, potent remedies, and astronomical phenomena. The Suda, however, also describes a Bolus who was a philosopher of the school of Democritus, who wrote Inquiry, and Medical Art, containing "natural medical remedies from some resources of nature." But, from a passage of Columella, it appears that Bolos of Mendes and the follower of Democritus were one and the same person; and he seems to have lived following the time of Theophrastus, whose work On Plants he appears to have known."
April 26, 2017
Or Bolus of Mendes.
*starts muttering again*
ruzuzu commented on the word Pseudo-Democritus
"Pseudo-Democritus was an unidentified Greek philosopher writing on chemical and alchemical subjects under the pen name "Democritus," probably around 60 AD. He was the second most respected writer on alchemy (after Hermes Trismegistus)."
Oh! I wonder whether Damocritis is actually Pseudo-Democritus.
ruzuzu commented on the word crybaby tree
The crista-galli part is fun.
ruzuzu commented on the word Chrysippus
"Diogenes Laërtius gives two different accounts of his death. In the first account, Chrysippus was seized with dizziness having drunk undiluted wine at a feast, and died soon after. In the second account, he was watching a donkey eat some figs and cried out: "Now give the donkey a drink of pure wine to wash down the figs", whereupon he died in a fit of laughter."
ruzuzu commented on the word ekpyrosis
According to Wikipedia, ekpyrosis is "a Stoic belief in the periodic destruction of the cosmos by a great conflagration every Great Year. The cosmos is then recreated (palingenesis) only to be destroyed again at the end of the new cycle. This form of catastrophe is the opposite of kataklysmos (κατακλυσμός, "inundation"), the destruction of the earth by water," and "the concept of ekpyrosis is attributed to Chrysippus by Plutarch." (See https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ekpyrosis&oldid=765510670.)
ruzuzu commented on the word Latvian Gambit
"The Latvian Gambit or Greco Counter Gambit is a chess opening characterised by the moves:
1. e4 e5
2. Nf3 f5?!"
April 25, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list chess-gambits
There's always the Latvian Gambit.
ruzuzu commented on the word acuteness
ruzuzu commented on the word gravity
"In acoustics, the state of being low in pitch: opposed to acuteness."
-- from the Century Dictionary
ruzuzu commented on the list flow--flower
April 24, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the list a-breakage--break--cleavage-or-split
I just added lacuna.
ruzuzu commented on the word snake-flower
Snake-flower (a poem by The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia):
n. The viper's-bugloss, Echium vulgare.
n. The greater stitch wort, Alsine Holostea.
n. The white dead-nettle, Lamium album.
n. The white campion, Lychnis alba.
n. The star-flower or American chickweed-wintergreen, Trientalis Americana.
April 21, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word sandbox
Also see sand-box.
April 20, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word sand-box
ruzuzu commented on the list a-ballad-of-remembrance
ruzuzu commented on the word ring-mountain
April 19, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the user Gildedmuse
I like your lists. :-)
ruzuzu commented on the word eyesalve
"Bald’s eyesalve contains wine, garlic, an Allium species (such as leek or onion) and oxgall. The recipe states that, after the ingredients have been mixed together, they must stand in a brass vessel for nine nights before use."
ruzuzu commented on the word wen
"In 2015, our team published a pilot study on a 1,000-year old recipe called Bald’s eyesalve from “Bald’s Leechbook,” an Old English medical text. The eyesalve was to be used against a “wen,” which may be translated as a sty, or an infection of the eyelash follicle."
ruzuzu commented on the word anenome
See anemone or sea anemone.
April 18, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word nothing
ruzuzu commented on the word mock-doc
ruzuzu commented on the word shipworm
"“It’s sort of the unicorn of mollusks,” Margo Haygood, a marine microbiologist at the University of Utah, told The Washington Post.""
ruzuzu commented on the list pigeon
April 17, 2017
ruzuzu commented on the word crocogator
Oh, funny! You should add it to the words-ending-with--gator list.
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