American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A communications system that transmits and receives simple unmodulated electric impulses, especially one in which the transmission and reception stations are directly connected by wires.
- n. A message transmitted by telegraph; a telegram.
- v. To transmit (a message) by telegraph.
- v. To send or convey a message to (a recipient) by telegraph.
- v. To make known (a feeling or an attitude, for example) by nonverbal means: telegraphed her derision with a smirk.
- v. To make known (an intended action, for example) in advance or unintentionally: By massing troops on the border, the enemy telegraphed its intended invasion to the target country.
- v. To send or transmit a telegram.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In cricket, the score-board upon which numbers indicating the progress of the game are displayed.
- n. In ship-building, an apparatus for transmitting and receiving orders mechanically. An engine. telegraph consists of a dial on a stand on the bridge or pilot-house having a handle with a pointer attached which, by movement of the handle, is pointed to the desired order on the dial, as ‘ahead full speed,’ ‘stop,’ ‘astern half speed,’ etc. By a line of wires, a pointer on a similar dial in the engine-room is made to point to the same order and ring a gong. The engineer then manipulates a handle with its pointer to point to the same order on the engine-room dial, and by another line of wires a pointer on the dial on the bridge is moved, and if the order has been correctly received, it points to the same order as the pointer on the handle of the bridge-dial. A similar apparatus fitted for giving orders for steering from the bridge to the steering-engine room, or other steering-station, is called a steering-telegraph.
- n. A chute or trough, usually of sheet-steel, by which coal or ore or refuse is carried by gravity from screens or other dressing machinery to the desired point of disposal.
- n. An apparatus for transmitting intelligible messages to a distance. In this general sense it includes the original semaphore-telegraphs; mechanical telegraphs for sending messages short distances, as from the pilot-house to the engine-room of a steamer; pneumatic telegraphs, in which compressed air in a tube serves to transmit a message; hydraulic telegraphs, in which a column of water takes the place of the air in the tube; flashing lights, as from a heliotrope, and any appliance for signaling, as flags or lanterns. Nearly all of these appliances are recognized as signaling apparatus, and are now so called. (See
signaland annunciator.) In its later and more restricted sense, the name is applied to some form of apparatus employing electricity and transmitting more than mere calls or signals. Telegraphs may be divided into two classes: the electromechanical telegraphs, or those in which the messages are received by means of some mechanical device operated by electricity; and the electrochemical telegraphs, in which the message is received and recorded by means of some chemical effect produced by electricity, the messages in both systems being sent or transmitted by some mechanical means. The electromechanical telegraphs may be again divided into two classes: those in which the message is received or read by sight (including those in which it is printed or recorded), and those in which it is read by sound. The electromechanical telegraphs are in some instances actuated by means of an electromagnet, and for this reason they are called electromagnetic telegraphs. This name has sometimes been given to all electrodynamic telegraphs, but it appears properly to belong to the electromechanical telegraphs which employ electromagnetism, and particularly to the Morse system. There is also an electromechanical telegraph actuated by magneto-electricity, and called the magneto-electrictelegraph. The telegraph consists essentially of a linewire, or main conductor; a battery, or other source of electricity; a transmitting instrument, or device for connecting or disconnecting the line-wire with the battery, or for changing the polarity of the current sent over the linewire; and a receiver, or indicating or recording apparatus. The line-wire is, for land lines, most commonly of iron, but sometimes of steel covered with a copper tube, and frequently also (especially on the rapid circuits in England) of hard drawn copper and, for the local connections with the battery or instruments, of copper. The source of electricity may be a battery or a dynamo. The transmitter or receiver may vary greatly according to the system in which it is used. In the electromechanical systems in which the message is read by sight, two different receivers are employed. The first of these, the needle-telegraph of Cooke and Wheatstone of England, has a linewire, a battery, and a simple device for reversing the current by the movement of a handle. The receiver is a needle supported on a horizontal bar, free to turn to the right or left, and provided with an index needle, placed in front of a dial, to show the deflections. The needle is within a coil of wire through which the current from the line passes, the whole forming an electric multiplier or galvanoscope. The message is indicated by an alphabet of motions, deflections to one side being read as the dots and to the other as the dashes of the Morse alphabet. This system is still used on some unimportant circuits and on some of the railway lines in England. It is largely in use for long submarine cables. Thomson's mirrorgalvanoscope being used. This receiver consists essentially of a galvanometer, the needle of which carries a small mirror that reflects a beam of light from a lamp upon a screen. The minute movements of the needle are thus rendered visible on a large scale, and the vibrations of the spot of light serve to spell the message. The second sight-reading system is the dial-telegraph; it employs a dial and index or pointer for a receiver. The letters are placed round the edge of the dial, and the index travels round the dial from letter to letter till the right one is reached, when a slight pause indicates that the letter was signaled from the transmitting end of the line. This system is used for private lines and for local circuits where speed of transmission is not important. The Morse system employs a line-wire, battery, and circuit-breaker or Morse key as a transmitter, and now very commonly uses a sounder as a receiving instrument, the slight clicking sound of the instrument clearly indicating the letters of the alphabet. This system has developed from the recording telegraph which was invented by Morse of New York, and was first tried on a commercial scale between Baltimore and Washington in 1844. (See Morse telegraph, below.) The electromechanical systems in which the message is automatically recorded as it is received include the Morse system using the Morse receiver, the chemical telegraphs, the printing telegraphic systems, the stock-reporting telegraphs, the syphon recorder, and the writing-telegraphs. A number of telegraphic-printing systems have been invented, the object being to print the message directly on paper as fast as received. Of these, the systems of House and Hughes were successfully worked in the United States, and a modification of Hughes's apparatus, the electromotor printing-telegraph of Phelps, is still used by the Western Union Company. Hughes's apparatus is still used in Europe, especially in France. Several simpler forms of type printing-telegraphs are used as stock-printers and private-line telegraphs. The telegraph of Cowper, and the telautograph (which see) of Elisha Gray are examples of facsimile- or writing-telegraphs. In the former system two wires are used, and the message is transmitted by varying the intensity of the currents in the double line. The transmitter consists of a pencil connected by means of light rods with metal plates joined together thtough resistancecoils. The message is written on a band of paper passing under the pencil, and every movement of the pencil causes one or both of the rods to move over the plates, and change the resistance in the circuits. The receiver consists of a pen held upright, and joined by means of threads to the armatures of two magnets placed so that variation of the currents through the two circuits give motions in two rectangular directions to the pen. The pen thus gives a trace in one direction or the other, or in a curve that is the resultant of both movements, and this trace is a literal copy of the message written by the transmitting pencil. The electrochemical systems of telegraphy all give a record of the message, and the transmitting device, whether a Morse key or some automatic mechanism. breaks or closes the circuit and thus either spells the message in the Morse alphabet, or copies it from writing or a drawing properly arranged at the transmitting end. The receiving apparatus in all these systems depends on the fact that if a current of electricity is made to pass through a piece of paper moistened in certain chemicals, a discoloration of the paper appears wherever the current passes. The first practical system is that of Bain of Edinburgh, which was used for some time both in England and in America. Several forms of copying telegraphs exist, but are little used. It was early recognized in the history of telegraphy that the cost of sending messages could be reduced if more than one message could be sent over a line-wire at one time, or if the speed of transmission could be made very great. Of the many systems designed to accomplish this five are in actual use, and two have been adopted throughout the United States and more or less in other countries. These systems are the duplex of Stearns, 1872; the quadruplex of Edison, 1874 (see duplex telegraph, below); the harmonic of Gray, 1874; the rapid system, 1880; and the synchronous system, 1884. The harmonic system depends on the property possessed by sonorous bodies of responding to vibrations corresponding to their own pitch or rate of vibrations. A vibrating reed is used to transmit over the line a series of electrical impulses exactly corresponding to its rate of vibrations. At the receiving end of the line is another reed that vibrates at the same rate as long as connected with the line, giving to the ear of the operator an apparently continuous note. By means of a Morse key this continuous tone in both reeds may be broken up into the letters of a message. Besides this, if two or more reeds are placed at the sending end of the line, and an equal number having the same pitches at the receiving end of the line, all may transmit their rate of vibration to the current, and each receiving reed will select its own note and no other. By the use of a Morse key to each pair, it thus becomes possible to transmit as many messages as there are pairs of reeds over the same wire at the same time. The so-called rapid systemof telegraphy is an electrochemical system, with automatic transmitting and receiving instruments. The message is first prepared by punching a series of holes in a strip of paper, each perforation or group of perforations representing a letter. This strip of paper is then made to pass rapidly under metal points connected with the line. At each perforation, one of the points passes through the paper and closes the circuit through the line-wire. At the receiving end, each closing of the circuit makes a stain on a band of prepared paper drawn rapidly under a stylus in connection with the line. Both the transmission and the recording of the message are automatic, and a large number of messages can be sent over one wire in a short time. The synchronous system is wholly electromechanical, and is based on the phonic wheel of La Cour. This invention employs a wheel divided radially into a number of sections, every alternate section being connected with the battery, and the alternating sections being connected by wire to the earth. A trailing needle connected with the line-wire rests on the upper side of the wheel, and as the wheel revolves it touches every section in turn, connecting the line with the battery at one section and being cut out at the next. Two wheels are used, one at each end of the line, and as each needle on the two wheels touches the same section the circuit is closed through the line, and then broken as the needles touch the next sections. In the synchronous system branch wires extend from each wheel, every branch being connected with a number of sections, and, as the wheels turn, these branches are connected with the line a number of times in a second, or often enough to be practically always joined to the line, and thus messages may be sent by the Morse or other system. Upward of seventy branch wires may be connected with each end of a line-wire, every pair having the line to itself in succession, and yet with sufficient rapidity to be, as far as sight or sound is concerned, wholly independent of all others. The phonic wheel is in this system made useful on a commercial scale in telegraphy.
- n. An electric telegraph of the needle or pointer class.
- n. A system of transmission for signals in which a bell is sounded and a pointer caused to indicate a message by the compression of air in a reservoir at one end of a long tube, the compression being transmitted to the opposite end of the tube. This system is used in hotels, manufactories, etc., and to transmit steering and steaming directions on shipboard.
- To transmit or convey, as a communication, speech, intelligence, or order, by a semaphore or telegraph, especially by the electric telegraph.
- To send a message by telegraph.
- To signal; communicate by signs.
- n. historical An apparatus, or a process, for communicating rapidly between distant points, especially by means of established visible or audible signals representing words or ideas, or by means of words and signs, transmitted by electrical means.
- v. To send a message by telegraph
- v. To give nonverbal signals to another, as with gestures or a change in attitude.
- v. To show one's intended action unintentionally.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. An apparatus, or a process, for communicating intelligence rapidly between distant points, especially by means of preconcerted visible or audible signals representing words or ideas, or by means of words and signs, transmitted by electrical action.
- v. To convey or announce by telegraph.
- v. send cables, wires, or telegrams
- n. apparatus used to communicate at a distance over a wire (usually in Morse code)
- From French télégraphe. (Wiktionary)
“Now that's what we call the telegraph trial," said the pupil.”
“The Garcia character runs their train car full of interesting machines, and her hand on the telegraph is so fast and precise it has to be heard to be believed.”
“You see, wire telegraph is a kind of a very, very long cat.”
“And finally, throw the following into the mix: — You see, wire telegraph is a kind of a very, very long cat.”
“This called the telegraph fire. 27,000 acres have burned just since late Friday when this fire ignited from some target shooters that were out in the forest.”
“Albert Einstein, when asked to describe radio, replied: You see, wire telegraph is a kind of a very, very long cat.”
“He had a unique way of letting his expression telegraph his thoughts for him, and right now that expression was saying, You mean a lot more curious than the next man.”
“There is also the separate and competitive system of the railways, CN-CP Telecommunications which specializes in telegraph and special services.”
“The post-office and telegraph is administered by the public as one system, and in small places the postmaster and operator is the same person.”
“The town is illuminated, and beacon-lights telegraph from the hill-tops ....”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘telegraph’.
Words used quite often in steampunk
of or at a distance; operating over a distance; relating to television; done over the telephone
Words from the songs of Frank Black, a.k.a. Black Francis
denoting something written or drawn; denoting a recording instrument
Words from newspaper names/titles. Not the place names or titles of specific publications, just the reusable bits.
By David Foster Wallace
Words and phrases from Kenneth Oppel's book, Airborn.
Verbs meaning signal
Feel free to combine these in any way to create your own newspaper. Use lots of hyphens! (And yes, these are all used at real newspapers.)
This list is a blatant rip-off, and I don't care. :-P I fudged a bit, including names of some ghost towns that may or may not still exist. Because ghost towns are freakin' awesome.
Some of the longest single definitions I've encountered on Wordnik, beginning with meteorite. Someday someone will have to do word counts to pick the winner. Your suggestions are welcome.
Words & Music by John Blackburn & Karl Suessdorf, 1943. (I *just* noticed, after hearing this song dozens of times over the years, that the verses are haikus.)
Pennies in a stream
Looking for tweets for telegraph.