American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. An opinion or a doctrine at variance with established religious beliefs, especially dissension from or denial of Roman Catholic dogma by a professed believer or baptized church member.
- n. Adherence to such dissenting opinion or doctrine.
- n. A controversial or unorthodox opinion or doctrine, as in politics, philosophy, or science.
- n. Adherence to such controversial or unorthodox opinion.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Any doctrine, opinion, or set of opinions at variance with the established standards of any system, school of thought, or party; an opinion or a doctrine tending to create schism or division; an untenable or a disturbing doctrine of any kind, as in philosophy, science, politics, morality, etc.
- n. Specifically, in theology, an opinion or a doctrine rejected by the authorities of a church as contrary to the established creed of that church; an interpretation or a theological view of a sacred writing or other standard of religion, or of any distinctive part of it, opposed to that authoritatively established or generally accepted: as, the antinomian heresy. To the Roman Catholic any opinion contrary to the teachings of his church, to the Protestant any opinion contrary to the accepted interpretation of the Scripture, is a heresy. The error must be held by a professed believer; pagan and infidel doctrines are not heresies. Roman Catholic divines distinguish between formal heresies, or tenets contrary to the doctrines of the church which are wilfully and pertinaciously held, and material heresies, or tenets that are heretical but are not so pertinaciously held as to involve the guilt of heresy.
- n. religion A doctrine held by a member of a religion at variance with established religious beliefs, especially dissension from Roman Catholic dogma.
- n. A controversial or unorthodox opinion held by a member of a group, as in politics, philosophy or science.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. An opinion held in opposition to the established or commonly received doctrine, and tending to promote a division or party, as in politics, literature, philosophy, etc.; -- usually, but not necessarily, said in reproach.
- n. (Theol.) Religious opinion opposed to the authorized doctrinal standards of any particular church, especially when tending to promote schism or separation; lack of orthodox or sound belief; rejection of, or erroneous belief in regard to, some fundamental religious doctrine or truth; heterodoxy.
- n. (Law) An offense against Christianity, consisting in a denial of some essential doctrine, which denial is publicly avowed, and obstinately maintained.
- n. a belief that rejects the orthodox tenets of a religion
- n. any opinions or doctrines at variance with the official or orthodox position
- From Old French heresie (modern hérésie), from Latin haeresis, from Ancient Greek αἵρεσις (hairesis, "choice, system of principles"), from αἱρέομαι (haireomai, "to take for one’s self, to choose"), the middle voice of αἱρέω (haireō, "to take"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English heresie, from Old French, from Late Latin haeresis, from Late Greek hairesis, from Greek, a choosing, faction, from haireisthai, to choose, middle voice of hairein, to take. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“I think the term heresy should be retained, but only used in instances of doctrine that clearly attacks the nature of God, of Christ, or of Salvation, or otherwise directly contradicts plain Scripture.”
“In fact, the word heresy originally just meant choice.”
“The term heresy connotes, etymologically, both a choice and the thing chosen, the meaning being, however, narrowed to the selection of religious or political doctrines, adhesion to parties in Church or”
“But this I confess unto thee, that after the way which they call heresy, so worship I the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and in the prophets:”
“But this I confess unto thee, that after the way which they call heresy, so worship I the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and in the prophets: and have hope toward God, which they themselves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust.”
“But this I confess to thee that according to the way which they call a heresy, so do I serve the Father and my God, believing all things which are written in the law and the prophets:”
“Roman Catholic writers admit that the papal church has sought to exterminate what it calls heresy, by the power of the sword.”
“But this I confess unto thee, that after the way which they call heresy, so worship I the”
“Jews must have known that, in as far as secular considerations were concerned, he had everything to lose by turning into "the way which they called heresy;" they were bound to acknowledge that, by connecting himself with an odious sect, he at least demonstrated his sincerity and self-denial; but they were so exasperated by his zeal that they "took counsel to kill him.”
“This I confess, -- that after the way which they call heresy, so worship I the God of my fathers, believing all things that are written in the law and the prophets," -- and the new testament.”
The Biography of Elder David Purviance, with His Memoirs: Containing His Views on Baptism, the Divinity of Christ, and the Atonement. Written by Himself: with an Appendix; Giving Biographical Sketches of Elders John Hardy, Reuben Dooly, William Dye, Thos. Kyle, George Shidler, William Kinkade, Thomas Adams, Samuel Kyle, and Nathan Worley. Together with a Historical Sketch of the Great Kentucky Revival
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