Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The branch of medicine that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of injury, deformity, and disease by manual and instrumental means.
  • n. A surgical operation or procedure, especially one involving the removal or replacement of a diseased organ or tissue.
  • n. An operating room or a laboratory of a surgeon or of a hospital's surgical staff.
  • n. The skill or work of a surgeon.
  • n. Chiefly British A physician's, dentist's, or veterinarian's office.
  • n. Chiefly British The period during which a physician, dentist, or veterinarian consults with or treats patients in the office.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A procedure involving major incisions to remove, repair, or replace a part of a body.
  • n. The medical specialty related to the performance of surgical procedures.
  • n. A room or department where surgery is performed.
  • n. A doctor's consulting room.
  • n. Any arrangement where people arrive and wait for an interview with certain people, similar to a doctor's surgery.
  • n. A pre-packaged bankruptcy or "quick bankruptcy".
  • n. The production of a manifold by removing parts of one manifold and replacing them with corresponding parts of others.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The art of healing by manual operation; that branch of medical science which treats of manual operations for the healing of diseases or injuries of the body; that branch of medical science which has for its object the cure of local injuries or diseases, as wounds or fractures, tumors, etc., whether by manual operation or by medicines and constitutional treatment.
  • n. A surgeon's operating room or laboratory.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The work of a surgeon; surgical care; therapy of a distinctly operative kind, such as cutting-operations, the reduction and putting up of fractures and dislocations, and similar manual forms of treatment.
  • n. Pl. surgeries (-iz). A place where surgical operations are performed, or where medicines are prepared; in Great Britain, the consulting-office and dispensary of a general practitioner.
  • n. See the adjectives.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted
  • n. a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations
  • n. the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures
  • n. a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body

Etymologies

Middle English surgerie, from Old French, short for cirurgerie, from cirurgie, from Latin chīrūrgia, from Greek kheirourgiā, from kheirourgos, working by hand : kheir, hand; + ergon, work.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French surgerie, contracted form of cirurgie, from Latin chirurgia, from Ancient Greek χειρουργία (kheirourgia), from χείρ (kheir, "hand") + ἔργον (ergon, "work"). (Wiktionary)

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