from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Failure to perform a task or fulfill an obligation, especially failure to meet a financial obligation: in default on a loan.
- n. Law Failure to make a required court appearance.
- n. The failure of one or more competitors or teams to participate in a contest: won the championship by default.
- n. Computer Science A particular setting or value for a variable that is assigned automatically by an operating system and remains in effect unless canceled or overridden by the operator: changed the default for the font in the word processing program.
- n. A situation or condition that obtains in the absence of active intervention.
- intransitive v. To fail to do what is required.
- intransitive v. To fail to pay money when it is due.
- intransitive v. Law To fail to appear in court when summoned.
- intransitive v. Law To lose a case by not appearing.
- intransitive v. To fail to take part in or complete a scheduled contest.
- transitive v. To fail to perform or pay.
- transitive v. Law To lose (a case) by failing to appear in court.
- transitive v. To fail to take part in or complete (a contest, for example).
- idiom in default of Through the failure, absence, or lack of.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The condition of failing to meet an obligation.
- n. the original software programming settings as set by the factory
- n. A loss incurred by failing to compete.
- n. A selection made in the absence of an alternative.
- n. A value used when none has been given; a tentative value or standard that is presumed.
- n. The failure of a defendant to appear and answer a summons and complaint.
- v. To fail to meet an obligation.
- v. To lose a competition by failing to compete.
- v. To assume a value when none was given; to presume a tentative value or standard.
- v. To fail to appear and answer a summons and complaint.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A failing or failure; omission of that which ought to be done; neglect to do what duty or law requires.
- n. Fault; offense; ill deed; wrong act; failure in virtue or wisdom.
- n. A neglect of, or failure to take, some step necessary to secure the benefit of law, as a failure to appear in court at a day assigned, especially of the defendant in a suit when called to make answer; also of jurors, witnesses, etc.
- intransitive v. To fail in duty; to offend.
- intransitive v. To fail in fulfilling a contract, agreement, or duty.
- intransitive v. To fail to appear in court; to let a case go by default.
- transitive v. To fail to perform or pay; to be guilty of neglect of; to omit.
- transitive v. To call a defendant or other party whose duty it is to be present in court, and make entry of his default, if he fails to appear; to enter a default against.
- transitive v. To leave out of account; to omit.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A failing or failure; an omission of that which ought to be done; neglect to do what duty, obligation, or law requires; specifically, in law, a failure to perform a required act in a lawsuit within the required time, as to plead or appear in court, or omission to meet a pecuniary obligation when due.
- n. Lack; want; failure; defect.
- n. A fault; an offense; a misdeed; a wrong act.
- n. In hunting, a lost scent.
- To fail in fulfilling or satisfying an engagement, claim, or obligation; especially, to fail in meeting a legal or pecuniary obligation at the proper time, as appearance in court, the payment of a debt, or the accounting for funds intrusted to one's care: as, a defaulting defendant or debtor; he has defaulted on his bond, or in his trust.
- To fail in duty; offend.
- To omit; neglect.
- To fail in the performance of.
- In law, to declare (a defendant) in default and enter judgment against (him).
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. loss resulting from failure of a debt to be paid
- v. fail to pay up
- n. an option that is selected automatically unless an alternative is specified
- n. loss due to not showing up
- n. act of failing to meet a financial obligation
Middle English defaute, from Old French, from past participle of defaillir, to fail, grow weak : de-, intensive pref.; see de- + faillir; see fail.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, from Old French defaute ("fault, defect, failure, culpability, lack"), ultimately from Latin de- ("away") + fallo ("deceive, cheat, escape notice of") (Wiktionary)