from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Imposed as an obligation or duty; obligatory: felt it was incumbent on us all to help.
- adj. Lying, leaning, or resting on something else: incumbent rock strata.
- adj. Currently holding a specified office: the incumbent mayor.
- n. A person who holds an office or ecclesiastical benefice: The incumbent was reelected to another term.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Imposed on someone as an obligation, especially due to one's office.
- adj. Resting on something else.
- adj. Being the current holder of an office or a title.
- n. The current holder of an office, such as ecclesiastical benefice or an elected office.
- n. A holder of a position as supplier to a market or market segment that allows the holder to earn above-normal profits.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Lying; resting; reclining; recumbent; superimposed; superincumbent.
- adj. Lying, resting, or imposed, as a duty or obligation; obligatory; always with on or upon.
- adj. Leaning or resting; -- said of anthers when lying on the inner side of the filament, or of cotyledons when the radicle lies against the back of one of them.
- adj. Bent downwards so that the ends touch, or rest on, something else.
- n. A person who is in present possession of a benefice or of any office.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Lying or resting on something.
- Lying, leaning, or resting lengthwise, in whole or in part, upon a surface to which there is only one point of actual attachment or none.
- Lying or resting as a duty or obligation; imposed, and pressing to performance.
- n. One who discharges stated functions; the holder of an office of any kind; especially, one who discharges ecclesiastical functions; one who holds a benefice.
- In geology, resting upon: said of one series of strata which is supported by a subjacent one.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the official who holds an office
- adj. currently holding an office
- adj. lying or leaning on something else
- adj. necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility; morally binding
Middle English, holder of an office, from Medieval Latin incumbēns, incumbent-, from Latin, present participle of incumbere, to lean upon, apply oneself to : in-, on; see in-2 + -cumbere, to recline.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, from stem incumbent-, of Medieval Latin incumbēns ("holder of a church position"), from Latin present participle of incumbō ("I lie down upon"). (Wiktionary)