Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To dip, soak, or drench in a liquid; saturate.
  • transitive v. To take up by absorption: sop up water with a paper towel.
  • n. A piece of food soaked or dipped in a liquid.
  • n. Something yielded to placate or soothe.
  • n. A bribe.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Something entirely soaked.
  • n. A piece of solid food to be soaked in liquid food.
  • n. Something given or done to pacify or bribe.
  • n. A weak, easily frightened or ineffectual person; a milksop
  • n. Gravy. (Appalachian)
  • v. To steep or dip in any liquid.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Anything steeped, or dipped and softened, in any liquid; especially, something dipped in broth or liquid food, and intended to be eaten.
  • n. Anything given to pacify; -- so called from the sop given to Cerberus, as related in mythology.
  • n. A thing of little or no value.
  • transitive v. To steep or dip in any liquid.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To dip or soak in a liquid.
  • To take up by absorption: followed by up: as, to sop up water with a sponge.
  • To soak in; penetrate, as a liquid; percolate.
  • To be drenched; be soaked with wet: as, his clothes were sopping with rain.
  • n. Something soaked; a morsel, as of bread, dipped in a liquid before being eaten; a piece of bread softened, as in broth or milk, or intended to be so softened.
  • n. Hence A morsel of food; a small portion of food or drink; a mouthful; a bite.
  • n. Something given to pacify or quiet; a bribe: so used in allusion to the sop given to Cerberus in order to secure a quiet entrance to the lower world.
  • n. A small piece; a fragment: a particle; hence, a trifle; a thing of little or no value.
  • n. An abbreviation of soprano.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a concession given to mollify or placate
  • v. dip into liquid
  • v. be or become thoroughly soaked or saturated with a liquid
  • v. cover with liquid; pour liquid onto
  • n. piece of solid food for dipping in a liquid
  • n. a prescribed procedure to be followed routinely
  • v. give a conciliatory gift or bribe to

Etymologies

From Middle English soppe, bread dipped in liquid, from Old English sopp- (in soppcuppe, cup for dipping bread in).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Middle English soppe, from Old English sopp 'sopped bread', from Proto-Germanic *sauppa (compare Dutch sop, Old High German sopfa), deverbative of *sūpanan 'to sup'. More at sup; compare soup. (Wiktionary)

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