from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A standard or scale of measurement.
- n. A standard dimension, quantity, or capacity.
- n. An instrument for measuring or testing.
- n. A means of estimating or evaluating; a test: a gauge of character. See Synonyms at standard.
- n. Nautical The position of a vessel in relation to another vessel and the wind.
- n. The distance between the two rails of a railroad.
- n. The distance between two wheels on an axle.
- n. The interior diameter of a shotgun barrel as determined by the number of lead balls of a size exactly fitting the barrel that are required to make one pound. Often used in combination: a 12-gauge shotgun.
- n. The amount of plaster of Paris combined with common plaster to speed setting of the mixture.
- n. Thickness or diameter, as of sheet metal or wire.
- n. The fineness of knitted cloth as determined by the number of loops per 1 1/2 inches.
- transitive v. To measure precisely.
- transitive v. To determine the capacity, volume, or contents of.
- transitive v. To evaluate or judge: gauge a person's ability.
- transitive v. To adapt to a specified measurement.
- transitive v. To mix (plaster) in specific proportions.
- transitive v. To chip or rub (bricks or stones) to size.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard
- n. An act of measuring.
- n. Any instrument for ascertaining or regulating the level, state, dimensions or forms of things; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
- n. A thickness of sheet metal or wire designated by any of several numbering schemes.
- n. The distance between the rails of a railway.
- n. A semi-norm; a function that assigns a non-negative size to all vectors in a vector space.
- n. The number of stitches per inch, centimetre, or other unit of distance.
- v. To measure or determine usually with a gauge; to measure the capacity, character, or ability of; to estimate; to judge of.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To measure or determine with a gauge.
- transitive v. To measure or to ascertain the contents or the capacity of, as of a pipe, barrel, or keg.
- transitive v. To measure the dimensions of, or to test the accuracy of the form of, as of a part of a gunlock.
- transitive v. To draw into equidistant gathers by running a thread through it, as cloth or a garment.
- transitive v. To measure the capacity, character, or ability of; to estimate; to judge of.
- n. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard.
- n. Measure; dimensions; estimate.
- n. Any instrument for ascertaining or regulating the dimensions or forms of things; a templet or template.
- n. Any instrument or apparatus for measuring the state of a phenomenon, or for ascertaining its numerical elements at any moment; -- usually applied to some particular instrument
- n. Relative positions of two or more vessels with reference to the wind.
- n. The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.
- n. The distance between the rails of a railway.
- n. The quantity of plaster of Paris used with common plaster to accelerate its setting.
- n. That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of such shingles, slates, or tiles.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. etc. See gage, etc.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. determine the capacity, volume, or contents of by measurement and calculation
- v. measure precisely and against a standard
- n. the thickness of wire
- n. a measuring instrument for measuring and indicating a quantity such as the thickness of wire or the amount of rain etc.
- v. rub to a uniform size
- v. mix in specific proportions
- n. the distance between the rails of a railway or between the wheels of a train
- n. diameter of a tube or gun barrel
- v. judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)
- v. adapt to a specified measurement
- n. accepted or approved instance or example of a quantity or quality against which others are judged or measured or compared
Middle English, from Old North French, gauging rod, of Germanic origin.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English gage, gaugen, from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French gauger (compare Modern French jauger from Old French jaugier), from gauge ("gauging rod"), from Frankish *galga ("measuring rod, pole"), from Proto-Germanic *galgô (“pole, stake, cross”), from Proto-Indo-European *g'hAlgh-, *g'hAlg- (“perch, long switch”). Cognate with Old High German galgo, Old Frisian galga, Old English ġealga ("cross-beam, gallows"), Old Norse galgi ("cross-beam, gallows"), Old Norse gelgja ("pole, perch"). (Wiktionary)