American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- v. To interrupt or cut off (the voice, for example).
- v. To keep in or hold back; repress: stifled my indignation.
- v. To kill by preventing respiration; smother or suffocate.
- v. To feel smothered or suffocated by or as if by close confinement in a stuffy room.
- v. To die of suffocation.
- n. The joint of the hind leg analogous to the human knee in certain quadrupeds, such as the horse.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To choke up; dam up; close.
- To kill by impeding respiration, as by covering the mouth and nose, by introducing an irrespirable substance into the lungs, or by other means; suffocate or greatly oppress by foul air or otherwise; smother.
- To stop the passage of; arrest the free action of; extinguish; deaden; quench: as, to stifle flame; to stifle sound.
- To suppress; keep from active manifestation; keep from public notice; conceal; repress; destroy: as, to stifle inquiry; to stifle a report; to stifle passion; to stifle convictions.
- Synonyms Suffocate, Strangle, etc. See smother.
- To husn, muffle, muzzle, gag.
- To suffocate; perish by asphyxia.
- n. The stifle-joint.
- n. Disease or other affection of the stifle-bone or stifle-joint, as dislocation or fracture of the patella.
- n. A hind knee of various mammals, especially horses.
- n. veterinary medicine A bone disease of this region.
- v. transitive To interrupt or cut off.
- v. transitive To repress, keep in or hold back.
- v. transitive To smother or suffocate.
- v. intransitive To feel smothered etc.
- v. intransitive To die of suffocation.
- v. transitive To treat a silkworm cocoon with steam as part of the process of silk production.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Far.) The joint next above the hock, and near the flank, in the hind leg of the horse and allied animals; the joint corresponding to the knee in man; -- called also
stifle joint. See Illust.under horse.
- v. To stop the breath of by crowding something into the windpipe, or introducing an irrespirable substance into the lungs; to choke; to suffocate; to cause the death of by such means.
- v. To stop; to extinguish; to deaden; to quench.
- v. To suppress the manifestation or report of; to smother; to conceal from public knowledge.
- v. To die by reason of obstruction of the breath, or because some noxious substance prevents respiration.
- v. impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of
- n. joint between the femur and tibia in a quadruped; corresponds to the human knee
- v. conceal or hide
- v. smother or suppress
- v. be asphyxiated; die from lack of oxygen
- From Middle English stiflen, from Old Norse stífla ("to dam, choke, stop up"), from stífla ("dam"), from Proto-Germanic *stīfilaz, *stīfilan (“prop, pole, support”), from Proto-Indo-European *steip-, *steib- (“stake, picket”). Cognate with Icelandic stífla ("to dam up, jam, block"), Norwegian stivla ("to dam up, choke, stop"), Low German stipel ("support wood"), Eastern Frisian stīpe ("stake, support"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English stifilen, alteration (influenced by Old Norse stīfla, to stop up) of stuffen, stuflen, to stifle, choke, drown, from Old French estoufer, of Germanic origin.Middle English, possibly from Old French estivel, pipe, leg, tibia, from Latin stīpes, stick. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“This boar's savage charge at the camel was within a few yards of all of us, for every one was trying to entice him to come forth; after his headlong rush out of the bush he reared so upright in his attempt to reach his clumsy disturber, which was quite frantic from deadly fear, that he succeeded in ripping it in what in a horse would be termed the stifle joint.”
“Follow the lead of the private industry which you so easily stifle and as Archie told Edith "stifle" i.e. stifle yourself and leave the private sector alone.”
“Likewise, for many of Clinton's supporters, it's been seen as a call to sit down and shut up or "stifle" as Archie Bunker used to say to Edith.”
“Moosa told journalists he believed the new policy, once implemented, would "stifle" the crime syndicates behind the poaching.”
“DA Justice spokesman Dr Tertius Delport on Monday described this as an attempt by Justice Minister Penuell Maduna to "stifle" DA leader Tony Leon, saying it had no basis in law,”
“The only innovation a new consumer protection agency will "stifle" is deceptive and predatory practices that should be stifled, Blumenthal said.”
“If the turnover rate is too low at slow growth firms (below 4\%) it can "stifle" internal movement, frustrate your employees (which may lead to future turnover) and slow up individual talent development.”
“Upton said FCC Chairman Julius Genachowski's proposed new regulations would "stifle" investment.”
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Common words and their meanings.
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A list of words that I stumbled upon while reading.
Words from the works of Peter Reading - at least one from each (except the Schwitters-esque erosions, cut-ups etc).
Words I like to use, words I like but may forget.
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