from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Something that completes, makes up a whole, or brings to perfection.
- n. The quantity or number needed to make up a whole: shelves with a full complement of books.
- n. Either of two parts that complete the whole or mutually complete each other.
- n. An angle related to another so that the sum of their measures is 90°.
- n. Grammar A word or words used to complete a predicate construction, especially the object or indirect object of a verb; for example, the phrase to eat ice cream in We like to eat ice cream.
- n. Music An interval that completes an octave when added to a given interval.
- n. The full crew of officers and enlisted personnel required to run a ship.
- n. Immunology A complex system of proteins found in normal blood plasma that combines with antibodies to destroy pathogenic bacteria and other foreign cells. Also called alexin.
- n. Mathematics & Logic For a universal set, the set of all elements in the set that are not in a specified subset.
- n. A complementary color.
- transitive v. To serve as a complement to: Roses in a silver bowl complement the handsome cherry table.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A voltage level with the opposite logical sense to the given one.
- n. A bit with the opposite value to the given one; the logical complement of a number.
- n. The diminished radix complement of a number; the nines' complement of a decimal number; the ones' complement of a binary number.
- n. The radix complement of a number; the two's complement of a binary number.
- n. The numeric complement of a number.
- n. A nucleotide sequence in which each base is replaced by the complementary base of the given sequence: adenine (A) by thymine (T) or uracil (U), cytosine (C) by guanine (G), and vice versa.
- n. Obsolete spelling of compliment.
- v. To complete, to bring to perfection, to make whole.
- v. To provide what the partner lacks and lack what the partner provides.
- v. To change a voltage, number, color, etc. to its complement.
- v. Obsolete form of compliment..
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. That which fills up or completes; the quantity or number required to fill a thing or make it complete.
- n. That which is required to supply a deficiency, or to complete a symmetrical whole.
- n. Full quantity, number, or amount; a complete set; completeness.
- n. A second quantity added to a given quantity to make it equal to a third given quantity.
- n. Something added for ornamentation; an accessory.
- n. The whole working force of a vessel.
- n. The interval wanting to complete the octave; -- the fourth is the complement of the fifth, the sixth of the third.
- n. A compliment.
- transitive v. To supply a lack; to supplement.
- transitive v. To compliment.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Full quantity or number; full amount; complete allowance: as, the company had its complement of men; the ship had its complement of stores.
- n. Perfect state; fullness; completeness.
- n. What is needed to complete or fill up some quantity or thing; that which anything lacks of completeness or fullness: as, the complement of an angle (which see, below).
- n. In music, the interval formed by the higher note and the note an octave above the lower note of a given simple interval.
- n. That which is added, not as necessary, but as ornamental; an accessory; an appendage.
- n. Compliment: a word of the same ultimate origin and formerly of the same spelling. See compliment.
- n. An accomplishment.
- To add a complement to; complete or fill up.
- n. In physiol. chem., same as alexin. See the extract.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. something added to complete or embellish or make perfect
- n. either of two parts that mutually complete each other
- n. one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response
- n. a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction
- n. number needed to make up a whole force
- v. make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to
- n. a complete number or quantity
Middle English, from Old French, from Latin complēmentum, from complēre, to fill out; see complete.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin complementum ("that which fills up or completes"), from complere ("to fill up, complete"), with some senses from Old French. (Wiktionary)