from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- proper n. A taxonomic genus within the family Oleaceae — the olives and related trees.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- proper n. A genus of trees including the olive.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of trees and shrubs, type of the order Oleaceæ and the tribe Oleineæ, known by the oily drupe and induplicate calyx-lobes.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. evergreen trees and shrubs having oily one-seeded fruits
In the evergreen forest and scrub a few hundred meters down, the vegetation is dominated by species such as Olea chrysophylla and Tarchonanthus camphoratus.
Thorny small trees and Acacia such as Olea ferruginea, Acacia modesta, and Artemisia maritima, perennial grasses of Poa and Bromus spp., and bulbous plants such as Iris, Tulipa, and Allium spp. are also found on these slopes.
We find our way to the olive market, where casts and bowls and pyramids of the black and green fruit of Olea europaea tempt a taste, or the urge to knock something over, which I almost do when a vendor invites me to duck under his shelf to enter his stall and look around.
On humid pseudoglei sands the vegetation includes plantations of cork oak Quercus suber, which carry large heronries, with olive Olea europea, poplars Populus spp., fig with ash Ficario-Fraxinetum angustifoliae and vine with willow Viti-Salicetum atrocinerae communities.
Mediterranean species include the nationally threatened wild olive Olea laperrini (V) found above 1,500m on rocky slopes in the Greboun and Tamgak massifs, Rhus tripartita, and Salvia aegyptiaca.
The following distinct tree and shrub communities have been described; Protea caffra; Acacia hereroensis; Olea europaea ssp africana - Pavetta zeyheri; Combretum molle; Buddleja saligna – Rhoicissus tridentata; Salix capensis; Diospyros lycioidis – Rhus pyroides and Acacia karoo – Protasparagus suaveolens.
Kopjes hold thick stands of wild sweet olive trees Olea europaea ssp. africana.
Tree species within this forest include pod mahogany Afzelia quanzensis, ebony Diospyros mespiliformis, strangler fig Ficus aurea, Cape fig Ficus capensis, ivory palm Hyphaene ventricosa, Transvaal red milkwood Mimusops zeyheri, African olive Olea africana, wild date palm Phoenix reclinata, water pear Syzygium guineense and Natal forest mahogany Trichilia emetica. 70 shrub and 150 herbaceous species are recorded for this rare local habitat.
In the archaeobotanical samples also pit fragments of olive (Olea europea) (TD2, 48-18) and charred remains of whole fig (Ficus carica) fruit (TD2 48-24, 48-12) were available.
Highland trees include peacock flower Albizzia gummifera, yellowwood Podocarpus latifolia, Hagenia abyssinica and sweet olive Olea chrysophylla.
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