American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The act of varying.
- n. The state or quality of being variant or variable; a variation.
- n. A difference between what is expected and what actually occurs.
- n. The state or fact of differing or of being in conflict. See Synonyms at discord.
- n. Law A discrepancy between two statements or documents in a proceeding.
- n. Law License to engage in an act contrary to a usual rule: a zoning variance.
- n. Statistics The square of the standard deviation.
- n. Chemistry The number of thermodynamic variables, such as temperature and pressure, required to specify a state of equilibrium of a system, given by the phase rule.
- idiom. at variance In a state of discrepancy; differing: The facts are at variance with your story.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In physical chemistry, that property of a chemical system which is expressed by the equation V = c + 2 —
φ, where V is the variance, c the number of independent components, and φthe number of phases in which the system may exist. Systems are said to be invariant, univariant, bivariant, multivariant, etc., according to the value of V.
- n. The state of being or the act of becoming variant; alteration; variation; change; difference.
- n. In law, a discrepancy: Between pleadings and proof, as where a complaint mentions a wrong date, or the facts prove to be different from what was alleged.
- n. Between the form of writ or process by which the action was commenced and the form of declaration or complaint. Formerly, when variances were deemed more important than now, variance was often defined as a fatal discrepancy or disagreement, etc.; but in civil cases such variances between pleading and proof as do not actually mislead the adverse party are now disregarded as immaterial, and many others are amendable. Under what is known in the United States as the Code Practice, vari ance is used to designate a discrepancy in some particulars only, and is amendable if it has not misled, while a failure of proof as to the entire scope and meaning of an allegation is not regarded as a mere variance, but fatal.
- n. Difference that produces disagreement or controversy; dispute; dissension; discord.
- n. Variableness; inconstancy.
- n. In a state of controversy or dissension; in a state of opposition or enmity.
- n. Synonyms and Disagreement, etc. See difference.
- n. The act of varying or the state of being variable
- n. A difference between what is expected and what happens
- n. The state of differing or being in conflict
- n. A discrepancy, especially between two legal documents
- n. statistics The second central moment in probability
- n. computing, programming covariance and contravariance generally
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The quality or state of being variant; change of condition; variation.
- n. Difference that produces dispute or controversy; disagreement; dissension; discord; dispute; quarrel.
- n. (Law) A disagreement or difference between two parts of the same legal proceeding, which, to be effectual, ought to agree, -- as between the writ and the declaration, or between the allegation and the proof.
- n. (Statistics) The expected value of the square of the deviation from the mean of a randomly distributed variable; the second moment about the mean. This is also the square of the
- n. discord that splits a group
- n. the second moment around the mean; the expected value of the square of the deviations of a random variable from its mean value
- n. an official dispensation to act contrary to a rule or regulation (typically a building regulation)
- n. the quality of being subject to variation
- n. a difference between conflicting facts or claims or opinions
- n. an event that departs from expectations
- n. an activity that varies from a norm or standard
- From Old French variance. (Wiktionary)
“Perhaps the matter in variance is a secret, not fit to be divulged to any, much less to be brought upon the stage before the country; and therefore end it privately, that it may not be discovered.”
“Looking at the bottom graph, it appears the variance is a bit less than 5%.”
“If an exception or variance is needed, then the rules need changing.”
“The hypothesis would assert that substantial local variance is deliberate.”
“The Planning Board can not do that, any variance from the rules would have to come through the ZBA, but would probably be hard to get.”
“And you don't have to assume any large difference in variance between the male and female population's abilities.”
“Everywhere homosexuality and gender variance is being discriminated against; in more that 80 countries in the world, same sex relationships are criminalised and in 7 of them, death penalty can be enforced.”
“Another factor could be the difference in variance in talents within the genders.”
“The King County Health Department recently notified restaurants that the sous vide process — cooking vacuum-sealed food in water baths at low, precisely-controlled temperatures — requires a variance from the health department, as well as an approvedHazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) plan, a detailed food safety plan more commonly seen in large-scale or industrial operations.”
“In attempting to explain this disparity, some echo Justice Kennedy's language in the recent Supreme Court decision Gonzales v. Carhart and claim that the reason for this variance is that there is a special bond between a mother and child and women can't help but stay at home with their children.”
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