Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To spring off the ground or other base by a muscular effort of the legs and feet.
  • intransitive v. To move suddenly and in one motion: jumped out of bed.
  • intransitive v. To move involuntarily, as in surprise: jumped when the phone rang.
  • intransitive v. To parachute from an aircraft.
  • intransitive v. Informal To move quickly; hustle: Jump when I give you an order.
  • intransitive v. To take prompt advantage; respond quickly: jump at a bargain.
  • intransitive v. To enter eagerly into an activity; plunge: jumped into the race for the nomination.
  • intransitive v. To begin or start. Often used with off: The project jumped off with great enthusiasm.
  • intransitive v. To form an opinion or judgment hastily: jump to conclusions.
  • intransitive v. To make a sudden verbal attack; lash out: jumped at me for being late.
  • intransitive v. To undergo a sudden and pronounced increase: Prices jumped in October.
  • intransitive v. To rise suddenly in position or rank: jumped over two others with more seniority.
  • intransitive v. To move discontinuously or change after a short period: jumps from one subject to another; jumped from one job to another.
  • intransitive v. To be displaced by a sudden jerk: The phonograph needle jumped.
  • intransitive v. To be displaced vertically or laterally because of improper alignment: The film jumped during projection.
  • intransitive v. Computer Science To move from one set of instructions in a program to another out of sequence.
  • intransitive v. Games To move over an opponent's playing piece in a board game.
  • intransitive v. Games To make a jump bid in bridge.
  • intransitive v. Slang To be lively; bustle: a disco that really jumps.
  • transitive v. To leap over or across: jump a fence.
  • transitive v. To leap onto: jump a bus.
  • transitive v. Slang To spring upon in sudden attack; assault or ambush: Muggers jumped him in the park.
  • transitive v. To move or start prematurely before: jumped the starting signal.
  • transitive v. To cause to leap: jump a horse over a fence.
  • transitive v. To cause to increase suddenly: shortages that jumped milk prices by several cents.
  • transitive v. To pass over; skip: The typewriter jumped a space.
  • transitive v. To raise in rank or position; promote.
  • transitive v. Games To move a piece over (an opponent's piece) in a board game, often thereby capturing the opponent's piece.
  • transitive v. Games To raise (a partner's bid) in bridge by more than is necessary.
  • transitive v. To jump-start (a motor vehicle).
  • transitive v. To leave (a course), especially through mishap: The train jumped the rails.
  • transitive v. Slang To leave hastily; skip: jumped town a step ahead of the police.
  • transitive v. Slang To leave (an organization, for example) suddenly or in violation of an agreement: jumped the team and signed with a rival club.
  • transitive v. To seize or occupy illegally: jump a mining claim.
  • transitive v. To forfeit (bail) by failing to appear in court.
  • transitive v. Vulgar Slang To have sexual intercourse with.
  • n. The act of jumping; a leap.
  • n. The distance covered by a jump: a jump of seven feet.
  • n. An obstacle or span to be jumped.
  • n. A structure or course from which a jump is made: built a jump out of snow.
  • n. A descent from an aircraft by parachute.
  • n. Sports Any of several track-and-field events in which contestants jump.
  • n. Informal An initial competitive advantage; a head start: got the jump on the other newspapers.
  • n. Informal Energy or quickness: "We got off to a slow start. We didn't have any jump, and when we did get things going, we were too far behind” ( John LeClair).
  • n. A sudden pronounced rise, as in price or salary.
  • n. An impressive promotion.
  • n. A step or level: managed to stay a jump ahead.
  • n. A sudden or major transition, as from one career or subject to another.
  • n. A short trip.
  • n. One in a series of moves and stopovers, as with a circus or road show.
  • n. Games A move in a board game over an opponent's piece.
  • n. Computer Science A movement from one set of instructions to another.
  • n. An involuntary nervous movement; a start.
  • n. A condition of nervousness. Often used with the.
  • n. A jump-start of a motor vehicle.
  • n. Vulgar Slang An act of sexual intercourse.
  • idiom jump (someone's) bones Vulgar Slang To have sexual intercourse with someone.
  • idiom jump the gun To start doing something too soon.
  • idiom jump through hoops To make extraordinary efforts, especially in following a prescribed procedure.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To propel oneself rapidly upward such that momentum causes the body to become airborne.
  • v. To cause oneself to leave an elevated location and fall downward.
  • v. To employ a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  • v. To react to a sudden, often unexpected, stimulus (such as a sharp prick or a loud sound) by jerking the body violently.
  • v. To employ a move in certain board games where one game piece is moved from one legal position to another passing over the position of another piece.
  • v. To move to a position in (a queue/line) that is further forward.
  • v. To attack suddenly and violently.
  • v. To engage in sexual intercourse.
  • v. To force to jump.
  • v. To move the distance between two opposing subjects.
  • v. To increase the height of a tower crane by inserting a section at the base of the tower and jacking up everything above it.
  • v. To increase speed aggressively and without warning.
  • n. An instance of propelling oneself upwards.
  • n. An instance of causing oneself to fall from an elevated location.
  • n. An instance of employing a parachute to leave an aircraft or elevated location.
  • n. An instance of reacting to a sudden stimulus by jerking the body.
  • n. A jumping move in a board game.
  • n. A button (of a joypad, joystick or similar device) whose only or main current function is that when it is pressed it causes a video game character to jump (propel itself upwards).
  • n. An obstacle that forms part of a showjumping course, and that the horse has to jump over cleanly.
  • n. An early start or an advantage.
  • n. A discontinuity in the graph of a function, where the function is continuous in a punctured interval of the discontinuity.
  • n. A faster-than-light travel, not observable from the ordinary space.
  • adv. exactly; precisely

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Nice; exact; matched; fitting; precise.
  • adv. Exactly; pat.
  • n. A kind of loose jacket for men.
  • n. A bodice worn instead of stays by women in the 18th century.
  • n. The act of jumping; a leap; a spring; a bound.
  • n. An effort; an attempt; a venture.
  • n. The space traversed by a leap.
  • n. A dislocation in a stratum; a fault.
  • n. An abrupt interruption of level in a piece of brickwork or masonry.
  • n. A jump-start.
  • n. same as jump-start, n..
  • intransitive v. To spring free from the ground by the muscular action of the feet and legs; to project one's self through the air; to spring; to bound; to leap.
  • intransitive v. To move as if by jumping; to bounce; to jolt.
  • intransitive v. To coincide; to agree; to accord; to tally; -- followed by with.
  • transitive v. To pass over by means of a spring or leap; to overleap.
  • transitive v. To cause to jump.
  • transitive v. To expose to danger; to risk; to hazard.
  • transitive v.
  • transitive v. To join by a butt weld.
  • transitive v. To thicken or enlarge by endwise blows; to upset.
  • transitive v. To bore with a jumper.
  • transitive v. same as jump-start, v. t..

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To rise off one's feet by a sudden muscular effort; throw one's self in any direction with both feet raised from the ground; spring from the ground or from any support; leap: as, to jump up and down; to jump over a hurdle.
  • To go or move with a leap or with leaps; spring quickly; hence, figuratively, to jolt; throb violently, etc.
  • To go along; agree; tally; coincide: followed by with.
  • To meet accidentally.
  • Synonyms and Leap, Spring, etc. See skip.
  • To pass by a leap; spring or leap over; pass over suddenly or hastily: as, to jump a stream.
  • To give a jumping motion to; move with a spring or bound; propel by a jump or jumps; drive onward: as, to jump a child up and down.
  • To skip over; pass by or neglect; give no heed to; act or proceed in disregard of: as, to jump all minor considerations; to jump a claim (which see, below).
  • To drive forward or through as if by leaps; act upon or about impetuously.
  • In the game of checkers, to pass by or skip over (an opposing man) in moving. The man which is jumped is removed from the board.
  • Among sportsmen, to start or cause to start; cause to leap or spring, as game from a cover; flush.
  • In forging, to upset or shape, as a bar or rod, by endwise blows. A transverse piece forged on the end of a bar is said to be jumped on.
  • To risk or hazard.
  • Matched.
  • Exact; precise; nicely fitting.
  • Exactly; precisely; fitly.
  • To estimate in the gross, as weight.
  • To get on or off (a train or boat in motion) by jumping: as, he jumped the express as it left the station.
  • In quarrying, to drill by means of a jumper or hand-drill.
  • n. The act of jumping; a leap; a spring; a bound; hence, a passing over; an omission: as, a high jump; the jump of a gun; a jump of a whole century.
  • n. A risk; a venture; a hazard.
  • n. In geol, and mining, a slight fault or dislocation of a vein.
  • n. In building, an abrupt rise in a level course of brickwork or masonary, to accommodate the work to the inequality of the ground.
  • n. A kind of dance. Formerly also called dump.
  • n. A garment of loose make, worn especially for undress.
  • n. plural Toward the close of the eighteenth century, a kind of bodice for women, which apparently took the place of stays when the wearer was not carefully dressed. Also called jimps.
  • n. plural Nervous twitching of the body; delirium tremens.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. jump down from an elevated point
  • v. be highly noticeable
  • v. cause to jump or leap
  • v. move forward by leaps and bounds
  • v. rise in rank or status
  • v. bypass
  • v. start (a car engine whose battery is dead) by connecting it to another car's battery
  • v. go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions
  • n. an abrupt transition
  • v. pass abruptly from one state or topic to another
  • n. a sudden and decisive increase
  • v. increase suddenly and significantly
  • n. the act of jumping; propelling yourself off the ground
  • v. run off or leave the rails
  • v. jump from an airplane and descend with a parachute
  • n. descent with a parachute
  • n. a sudden involuntary movement
  • v. move or jump suddenly, as if in surprise or alarm
  • v. enter eagerly into
  • v. make a sudden physical attack on
  • n. (film) an abrupt transition from one scene to another

Etymologies

Perhaps Middle English jumpen, to jump (sense uncertain).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English jumpen ("to walk quickly, run, jump"), probably of Middle Low German or North Germanic origin, ultimately from Proto-Germanic *gempanan, *gembanan (“to hop, skip, jump”), from Proto-Indo-European *gwʰemb- (“ to spring, hop, jump”). Cognate with Old Dutch gumpen ("to jump"), Low German jumpen ("to jump"), Middle High German gumpen, gampen ("to jump, hop") (dialectal German gampen), Danish gumpe ("to jolt"), Swedish gumpa ("to jump"), Danish gimpe ("to move up and down"), Middle English jumpren, jumbren ("to mix, jumble"). Related to jumble. (Wiktionary)

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