American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of or relating to shepherds or herders.
- adj. Of, relating to, or used for animal husbandry.
- adj. Of or relating to the country or country life; rural.
- adj. Charmingly simple and serene; idyllic. See Synonyms at rural.
- adj. Of, relating to, or being a literary or other artistic work that portrays or evokes rural life, usually in an idealized way.
- adj. Of or relating to a pastor or the duties of a pastor: pastoral duties; a pastoral letter.
- n. A literary or other artistic work that portrays or evokes rural life, usually in an idealized way.
- n. Music A pastorale.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining to a herdsman or shepherd, or to flocks or herds; rustic; rural: as, a pastoral life; pastoral manners.
- Descriptive of the life of shepherds; treating of rustic life: as, a pastoral poem.
- Of or pertaining to a pastor or his office, dignity, duties, etc.; relating to the cure of souls: as, the pastoral care of a church; a pastoral visit; pastoral work.
- In churches of the Presbyterian and Congregational orders, the address of counsel made by a clergyman to a pastor on his ordination or installation.
- Synonyms and Rustic, Bucolic, etc. See rural.
- n. A poem describing the life and manners of shepherds, or a poem in which the characters are shepherds or shepherdesses; in general, any poem the subject of which is the country or a country life; a bucolic.
- n. Any work of art of which the subject is rural.
- n. In music, same as pastorale.
- n. A pastoral letter or address.
- n. A shepherd; also, a swineherd.
- n. A treatise on the duties of a pastor.
- adj. Of or pertaining to shepherds; hence, relating to rural life and scenes; as, a pastoral life.
- adj. Relating to the care of souls, or to the pastor of a church; as, pastoral duties; a pastoral letter.
- n. A poem describing the life and manners of shepherds; a poem in which the speakers assume the character of shepherds; an idyll; a bucolic.
- n. music A cantata relating to rural life; a composition for instruments characterized by simplicity and sweetness; a lyrical composition the subject of which is taken from rural life. Moore
- n. religion, Christianity A letter of a pastor to his charge; specifically, a letter addressed by a bishop to his diocese.
- n. religion, Christianity A letter of the House of Bishops, to be read in each parish.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of or pertaining to shepherds; hence, relating to rural life and scenes.
- adj. Relating to the care of souls, or to the pastor of a church
- n. A poem describing the life and manners of shepherds; a poem in which the speakers assume the character of shepherds; an idyl; a bucolic.
- n. (Mus.) A cantata relating to rural life; a composition for instruments characterized by simplicity and sweetness; a lyrical composition the subject of which is taken from rural life.
- n. (Eccl.) A letter of a pastor to his charge; specifically, a letter addressed by a bishop to his diocese; also (Prot. Epis. Ch.), a letter of the House of Bishops, to be read in each parish.
- adj. relating to shepherds or herdsmen or devoted to raising sheep or cattle
- n. a musical composition that evokes rural life
- adj. of or relating to a pastor
- n. a letter from a pastor to the congregation
- n. a literary work idealizing the rural life (especially the life of shepherds)
- adj. (used with regard to idealized country life) idyllically rustic
- Latin pastoralis, from pāstor ("shepherd"), + adjective suffix -alis. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old French, from Latin pāstōrālis, from pāstor, shepherd; see pastor. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Of course all good poetry, descriptive of rural life, is essentially pastoral, or has the effect of the pastoral on the minds of men living in cities; but the class of poetry which I mean, and which you probably understand by the term pastoral, is that in which a farmer's girl is spoken of as a "nymph," and a farmer's boy as a”
“But as readers of Virgil well know, the pastoral is already charged with homoerotic possibilities.”
“Bishop Vaughan planned what he called a pastoral seminary.”
“- oh yes, this is what they call the pastoral-feudal stage.”
“Cody J. Sanders, a Baptist minister and Ph.D. student in pastoral theology and counseling at Brite Divinity School in Fort Worth, Texas, recently wrote on the Religion Dispatches website about how important it is for churches to act:”
“The highpoint of the narrative came when it revealed that Herschel had found evidence of intelligent life on the moon: he had discovered both a primitive tribe of hut-dwelling, fire-wielding biped beavers, and a race of winged humans living in pastoral harmony around a mysterious, golden-roofed temple.”
“All pastoral is “false” – it is the most pointedly artificial of the genres.”
“This will be a necessary investment – for the building, technical equipment and poultry – that will help secure the future of the convent and consequently the long-term pastoral and charitable initiatives of the Visitation Sisters in Bosa, one of the poorest and most densely populated areas of Bogotá.”
“East Africans in pastoral communities only evolved to be able to digest milk (post-childhood) about 3,000 years ago.”
“UK Commentators: "I have been in pastoral education, counselling and psychotherapy for 30 years" skip to main | skip to sidebar”
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