American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of, involving, or having the nature of crime: criminal abuse.
- adj. Relating to the administration of penal law.
- adj. Guilty of crime.
- adj. Characteristic of a criminal.
- adj. Shameful; disgraceful: a criminal waste of talent.
- n. One that has committed or been legally convicted of a crime.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to crime; relating to crime; having to do with crime or its punishment: as, a criminal action or case; a criminal sentence; a criminal code; criminal law; a criminal lawyer.
- Of the nature of crime; marked by or involving crime; punishable by law, divine or human: as, theft is a criminal act.
- Guilty of crime; connected with or engaged in committing crime.
- Charges of offense against the public law of the state or nation, as distinguished from violations of municipal or local ordinances.
- Synonyms Illegal, Criminal, Felonious, Sinful, Immoral, Wicked, Iniquitous, Depraved, Dissolute, Vicious, agree in characterizing an act as contrary to law, civil or moral. All except illegal and felonious are also applicable to persons, thoughts, character, etc. Illegal is simply that which is not permitted by human law, or is vitiated by lack of compliance with legal forms: as, an illegal election. It suggests penalty only remotely, if at all. Criminal applies to transgressions of human law, with especial reference to penalty. Felonious applies to that which is deliberately done in the consciousness that it is a crime; its other uses are nearly or quite obsolete. Sinful and the words that follow it mark transgression of the divine or moral law. Sinful does not admit the idea that there is a moral law separate from the divine will, but is specifically expressive of “any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the will of God” (Shorter Catechism, Q. 14). As such, it applies to thoughts, feelings, desires, character, while human law looks no further back of action than to intent (as, a criminal intent), and attempts to deal only with acts. Hence, though all men are sinful, all are not criminal. Immoral stands over against sinful in emphasizing the notion of a moral law, apart from the question of the divine will; its most frequent application is to transgressions of the moral code in regard to the indulgence of lust. Wicked bears the same relation to moral law that felonious bears to civil law; the wicked man does wrong wilfully and knowingly, and generally his conduct is very wrong. Iniquitous is wicked in relation to others' rights, and grossly unjust: as, a most iniquitous proceeding. Depraved implies a fall from a better character, not only into wickedness, but into such corruption that the person delights in evil for its own sake. Dissolute, literally, set loose or released, expresses the character, life, etc., of one who throws off all moral obligation. Vicious, starting with the notion of being addicted to vice, has a wide range of meaning, from cross to wicked; it is the only one of these words that may be applied to animals. See crime, atrocious, nefarious, and irreligious.
- n. A person who has committed a punishable offense against public law; more particularly, a person convicted of a punishable public offense on proof or confession.
- n. Synonyms Culprit, malefactor,evil-doer, transgressor, felon, convict.
- adj. Being against the law; forbidden by law.
- adj. Guilty of breaking the law.
- adj. Of or relating to crime.
- adj. figuratively Abhorrent or very undesirable, even if allowed by law.
- adj. Of or relating to crime control, notably penal law.
- n. A person who is guilty of a crime, notably breaking the law.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Guilty of crime or sin.
- adj. Involving a crime; of the nature of a crime; -- said of an act or of conduct.
- adj. Relating to crime; -- opposed to
- n. One who has commited a crime; especially, one who is found guilty by verdict, confession, or proof; a malefactor; a felon.
- n. someone who has committed a crime or has been legally convicted of a crime
- adj. guilty of crime or serious offense
- adj. involving or being or having the nature of a crime
- adj. bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure
- From Middle English, from Anglo-Norman criminal, from Late Latin criminalis, from Latin crimen ("crime") (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old French criminel, from Late Latin crīminālis, from Latin crīmen, crīmin-, accusation; see crime. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“#criminal raybeckerman @wtk1 @OTOOLEFAN We trust our laws to balance (a) punishment of criminal acts w (b) protection of US citizens rights.”
“Lucien, suppose you were a great criminal, I don't mean the ordinary clever scoundrel who succeeds for a time and is finally caught, but a _really great criminal_, the kind that appears once or twice, in a century, a man with immense power and intelligence. ”
“These were not just mistakes, and that is why I use the term criminal mujahideen.”
“But I've never really heard the term -- maybe you have -- I haven't heard the term criminal scene.”
“The word criminal is more an emotional than legal term.”
“He said that her mother-in-law and other members of the family were reportedly involved in what he described as "criminal activities," which he said included selling alcohol and prostitution.”
“Umuvugizi editor Jean Bosco Gasasira says he will continue to expose corruption and what he calls criminal activities in Rwanda”
“From his exiled home in Sweden, Gasasira says he will continue to expose corruption and what he calls criminal activities in Rwanda.”
“You realize, of course, that thinking like a criminal is the primary mode of analysis for security research.”
“However, the church does allow for the death pealty in certain situations, i.e. the criminal is a direct continued threat to society.”
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