Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of various long-tailed rodents resembling mice but larger, especially one of the genus Rattus.
  • n. Any of various animals similar to one of these long-tailed rodents.
  • n. Slang A despicable person, especially one who betrays or informs upon associates.
  • n. Slang A scab laborer.
  • n. A pad of material, typically hair, worn as part of a woman's coiffure to puff out her own hair.
  • intransitive v. To hunt for or catch rats, especially with the aid of dogs.
  • intransitive v. Slang To betray one's associates by giving information: ratted on his best friend to the police.
  • intransitive v. Slang To work as a scab laborer.
  • transitive v. To puff out (the hair) with or as if with a pad of material.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A medium-sized rodent belonging to the genus Rattus.
  • n. A term indiscriminately applied to numerous members of several rodent families (e.g. voles and mice) having bodies longer than about 12 cm, or 5 inches.
  • n. A person who is known for betrayal; a scoundrel; a quisling.
  • n. An informant or snitch.
  • n. A person who routinely spends time at a particular location.
  • n. Scab.
  • n. North West London slang term for a vagina.
  • n. A wad of shed hair used as part of a hairstyle.
  • v. To betray someone and tell their secret to an authority or an enemy; to turn someone in, bewray.
  • v. To kill rats.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One of several species of small rodents of the genus Rattus (formerly included in Mus) and allied genera, of the family Muridae, distinguished from mice primarily by being larger. They infest houses, stores, and ships, especially the Norway rat, also called brown rat, (Rattus norvegicus formerly Mus decumanus), the black rat (Rattus rattus formerly Mus rattus), and the roof rat (formerly Mus Alexandrinus, now included in Rattus rattus). These were introduced into America from the Old World. The white rat used most commonly in laboratories is primarily a strain derived from Rattus rattus.
  • n. A round and tapering mass of hair, or similar material, used by women to support the puffs and rolls of their natural hair.
  • n. One who deserts his party or associates; hence, in the trades, one who works for lower wages than those prescribed by a trades union.
  • intransitive v. In English politics, to desert one's party from interested motives; to forsake one's associates for one's own advantage; in the trades, to work for less wages, or on other conditions, than those established by a trades union.
  • intransitive v. To catch or kill rats.
  • intransitive v. To be an informer (against an associate); to inform (on an associate); to squeal; -- used commonly in the phrase to rat on.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To catch or kill rats; follow the business of a ratter or rat-catcher.
  • To go over from one party or cause to another, especially from a party or cause that is losing or likely to lose, as rats run from a falling house; desert one's party or associates for advantage or gain; become a renegade.
  • To work for less than current wages, to refuse to strike with fellow-workmen, or to take the place of one who has struck: often with indefinite it. See rat, n., 5 .
  • To puff out (the hair) by means of a rat. See rat, n., 6.
  • To displace or supplant union workers in: as. to rat an office or a shop.
  • To tear.
  • A term of objurgation, used in the imperative.
  • A Middle English contracted form of redeth, the third person singular present indicative of read.
  • n. A rodent of some of the larger species of the genus Mus, as M. rattus, the black rat, and M. decumanus, the gray, brown, or Norway rat: distinguished from mouse.
  • n. Any rodent of the family Muridæ; a murine; in the plural, the Muridæ.
  • n. Any rodent of the suborder Myomorpha.
  • n. Some other rodent, or some insectivore, marsupial, or other animal like or likened to a rat.
  • n. A person who is considered to act in some respect in a manner characteristic of rats: so called in opprobrium.
  • n. A workman who accepts lower wages than those current at the time and place or required by an authorized scale, or one who takes a position vacated by a striker, or one who refuses to strike when others do.
  • n. A clergyman: so called in contempt.
  • n. Something suggesting the idea of a rat, as a curving roll of stuffed cloth or of crimped hair-work, with tapering ends, formerly (about 1860–70) and still occasionally used by women to puff out the hair, which was turned over it.
  • n. Same as bandicoot, 2.
  • n. A rag; tatter.
  • n. plural An exclamation used to indicate incredulity or ironical disagreement with a statement; humbug.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. catch rats, especially with dogs
  • v. take the place of work of someone on strike
  • v. desert one's party or group of friends, for example, for one's personal advantage
  • v. employ scabs or strike breakers in
  • n. someone who works (or provides workers) during a strike
  • n. any of various long-tailed rodents similar to but larger than a mouse
  • v. give (hair) the appearance of being fuller by using a rat
  • v. give away information about somebody
  • n. a pad (usually made of hair) worn as part of a woman's coiffure
  • n. a person who is deemed to be despicable or contemptible
  • n. one who reveals confidential information in return for money

Etymologies

Middle English, from Old English ræt.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English rat, rotte, from Old English ræt, from Proto-Germanic *rattaz, *ratō (compare West Frisian rôt, Dutch rat, dialectal German Ratz), from Proto-Indo-European *Hreh₃d- (“to scrape”) (compare Welsh rhathu ("to grate, rasp"), Latin rōdō ("to gnaw"), rōstrum ("beak, prow"), Middle Persian randītan ("to scrape, smooth"), Sanskrit rádati ("he gnaws, cuts")). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • I felt in my soul that the rat -- yes, the _rat_, the RAT I had just seen, was that evil being in masquerade, and rambling through the house upon some infernal night lark.

    J. S. Le Fanu's Ghostly Tales, Volume 1

  • Mariah was a rag-shaking terrier, who had only to hear the word rat to start digging.

    The Owl and Moon Cafe

  • Aiguy: Well, no – the physical determinist would say that the rat is always physically constrained, just like everything else, because there is no other way to be.

    Bunny and a Book

  • Well, no – the physical determinist would say that the rat is always physically constrained, just like everything else, because there is no other way to be.

    Bunny and a Book

  • What they're trying to do is shut this area off so that the insurgents cannot move through what they call rat lines into Baghdad and into al Anbar Province.

    CNN Transcript Oct 13, 2006

  • The most distinguished bankers in Paris take part in this affair; not fictitiously, as in some shameful speculations which I call rat-traps.

    Parisians in the Country

  • Mr Quirk said he did not doubt fishermen's accounts that they saw at least one bulk carrier a day using what they called rat-run shortcuts through the reef.

    The Sydney Morning Herald News Headlines

  • In which our plucky young hero insists "rat" is short for "rational".

    sirilyan Diary Entry

  • If I were judging by the best part of the film rather than the whole thing, Wall-E and Up would rate much higher, as would Ratatouille (since the rat is much more interesting than the comically clumsy guy who can't cook is.)

    Up, George Lucas, the spirit of adventure, and the myth of the fallen angel

  • A naked mole-rat is one of the stars of the Disney animated series Kim Possible.

    The 15 Weirdest Animals Around

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Comments

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  • I think this was one of the original photos (the link now takes you to the stream rather than an image, which I suppose was the point, but now it's not immediately clear...).

    July 30, 2009

  • Those must be awfully tiny Teddy bears.

    April 2, 2009

  • Awww... I don't even like rats, and those are adorable pictures. :)

    April 2, 2009

  • Yes, I added this word to skipvia's list. There's a reason.

    April 2, 2009

  • (v) give hair the appearance of being fuller by teasing or backcombing the hair

    February 3, 2008