Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Being in a position or in circumstances that place one under the power or authority of another or others: subject to the law.
  • adj. Prone; disposed: a child who is subject to colds.
  • adj. Likely to incur or receive; exposed: a directive subject to misinterpretation.
  • adj. Contingent or dependent: a vacation subject to changing weather.
  • n. One who is under the rule of another or others, especially one who owes allegiance to a government or ruler.
  • n. One concerning which something is said or done: a subject of gossip.
  • n. Something that is treated or indicated in a work of art.
  • n. Music A theme of a composition, especially a fugue.
  • n. A course or area of study: Math is her best subject.
  • n. A basis for action; a cause.
  • n. One that experiences or is subjected to something: the subject of ridicule.
  • n. A person or animal that is the object of medical or scientific study: The experiment involved 12 subjects.
  • n. A corpse intended for anatomical study and dissection.
  • n. One who is under surveillance: The subject was observed leaving the scene of the murder.
  • n. Grammar The noun, noun phrase, or pronoun in a sentence or clause that denotes the doer of the action or what is described by the predicate.
  • n. Logic The term of a proposition about which something is affirmed or denied.
  • n. Philosophy The essential nature or substance of something as distinguished from its attributes.
  • n. Philosophy The mind or thinking part as distinguished from the object of thought.
  • transitive v. To submit for consideration.
  • transitive v. To submit to the authority of.
  • transitive v. To expose to something: patients subjected to infection.
  • transitive v. To cause to experience: subjected to extreme weather.
  • transitive v. To subjugate; subdue.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Likely to be affected by or experience something.
  • adj. Conditional upon.
  • n. In a clause: the word or word group (usually a noun phrase) that is dealt with. In active clauses with verbs denoting an action, the subject and the actor are usually the same.
  • n. The main topic of a paper, work of art, discussion, etc.
  • n. A particular area of study.
  • n. A citizen in a monarchy.
  • n. A person ruled over by another, especially a monarch or state authority.
  • n. The main theme or melody, especially in a fugue.
  • v. To cause (someone or something) to undergo a particular experience, especially one that is unpleasant or unwanted.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Placed or situated under; lying below, or in a lower situation.
  • adj. Placed under the power of another; specifically (International Law), owing allegiance to a particular sovereign or state.
  • adj. Exposed; liable; prone; disposed
  • adj. Obedient; submissive.
  • n. That which is placed under the authority, dominion, control, or influence of something else.
  • n. Specifically: One who is under the authority of a ruler and is governed by his laws; one who owes allegiance to a sovereign or a sovereign state
  • n. That which is subjected, or submitted to, any physical operation or process; specifically (Anat.), a dead body used for the purpose of dissection.
  • n. That which is brought under thought or examination; that which is taken up for discussion, or concerning which anything is said or done.
  • n. The person who is treated of; the hero of a piece; the chief character.
  • n. That of which anything is affirmed or predicated; the theme of a proposition or discourse; that which is spoken of.
  • n. That in which any quality, attribute, or relation, whether spiritual or material, inheres, or to which any of these appertain; substance; substratum.
  • n. Hence, that substance or being which is conscious of its own operations; the mind; the thinking agent or principal; the ego. Cf. Object, n., 2.
  • n. The principal theme, or leading thought or phrase, on which a composition or a movement is based.
  • n. The incident, scene, figure, group, etc., which it is the aim of the artist to represent.
  • transitive v. To bring under control, power, or dominion; to make subject; to subordinate; to subdue.
  • transitive v. To expose; to make obnoxious or liable.
  • transitive v. To submit; to make accountable.
  • transitive v. To make subservient.
  • transitive v. To cause to undergo.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Placed or situated under or beneath.
  • Being under the power or dominion of another.
  • Exposed; liable, from extraneous or inherent causes; prone: with to: as, a country subject to extreme heat or cold; a person subject to attacks of fever.
  • Hence Exposed or liable, as to what may confirm or modify: with to: as, subject to your approval; subject to correction.
  • Submissive; obedient.
  • Synonyms Subordinate, subservient, inferior.
  • Apt, Likely, etc. See apt.
  • n. One who is placed under the authority, dominion, or controlling influence of another; specifically, one who owes allegiance to a sovereign and is governed by his laws; one who lives under the protection of, and owes allegiance to, a government.
  • n. A person or thing regarded as the recipient of certain treatment; one who or that which is exposed or liable to something specified.
  • n. Specifically— A dead body used for dissection.
  • n. One who is peculiarly sensitive to psychological experimentation; a sensitive.
  • n. One who or that which is the cause or occasion of something.
  • n. That on which any mental operation is performed; that which is thought, spoken, or treated of: as, a subject of discussion or negotiation; a subject for a sermon or a song; the subject of a story.
  • n. In grammar, that of which anything is affirmed; the nominative of a verb, without or with modifiers; the member or part of a sentence signifying that of which predication is made.
  • n. In logic, that term of a proposition of which the other is affirmed or denied.
  • n. In metaphysics: A real thing to which given characters relate and in which they are said to inhere.
  • n. In Kantian and modern philosophy, the self or ego to which in all thought all mental representations are attributed (according to Kant); also, a real (hypothetical) thing in which mental phenomena are supposed to inhere.
  • n. In music: In general, the theme or melodic phrase on which a work or movement is based, consisting of few or many tones variously combined and treated; a motive. When two or more principal subjects are used, they are often known as first, second, etc.
  • n. In contrapuntal works, the theme given out at the beginning, to which (in fugue and canon) the answer responds, and with which the counter-subject is combined which is taken as the basis for thematic development, for imitation, etc.
  • n. In the fine arts, the plan or general view chosen by an artist; the design of a composition or picture; the scheme or idea of a work of art: as, a historical subject; a genre subject; a marine subject; a pastoral subject.
  • n. In decorative art, a pictorial representation of human figures or animals; a picture representing action and incident.
  • n. Synonyms Subject, Theme, Topic, Point, Thesis. The first three of these words are often popularly used as exactly synonymous. Daniel Webster puts within a few lines of each other the two following sentences: [If an American Thucydides should arise,] “may his theme not be a Peloponnesian war,” and [American history] “will furnish no topic for a Gibbon.” Yet, strictly in rhetoric, and more often in general use, subject is the broad word for anything written or spoken about, while theme is the word for the exact and generally narrower statement of the subject. A topic is a still narrower subject; there may be several interesting topics suggested under a single subject. A point is by its primary meaning the smallest possible subdivision under a subject. Thesis is a technical word for a subject which takes the form of an exact proposition or assertion which is to be proved: as, Luther fastened his ninety-five theses to the church-door. The paper in which the proof of a thesis is attempted is also called a thesis. A student's composition is often called a theme. The meaning of the other words is not extended to the written or spoken discourse. See proposition.
  • To put, lay, or spread under; make subjacent.
  • To expose; make liable or obnoxious: with to: as, credulity subjects one to impositions.
  • To submit; make accountable, subservient, or the like; cause to undergo; expose, as in chemical or other operations: with to: as, to subject clay to a white heat.
  • To bring under power, dominion, or sway; subdue; subordinate.
  • To be or become subject.
  • n. In geometry, the figure cut by the picture-plane.
  • n. In experimental psychology: The observer or reactor; the person upon whom an experiment is made.
  • n. More correctly, the person, normal or abnormal in mental condition, who is subjected to a mental test or an examination of mental efficiency.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a person who owes allegiance to that nation
  • adj. being under the power or sovereignty of another or others
  • n. (logic) the first term of a proposition
  • v. make accountable for
  • v. make subservient; force to submit or subdue
  • n. a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation
  • n. the subject matter of a conversation or discussion
  • n. some situation or event that is thought about
  • v. refer for judgment or consideration
  • adj. possibly accepting or permitting
  • n. a branch of knowledge
  • n. (grammar) one of the two main constituents of a sentence; the grammatical constituent about which something is predicated
  • v. cause to experience or suffer or make liable or vulnerable to
  • adj. likely to be affected by something
  • n. something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation

Etymologies

Middle English, from Old French, from Latin sūbiectus, from past participle of sūbicere, to subject : sub-, sub- + iacere, to throw.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English subget, from Old French suget, from Latin subiectus ("lying under or near, adjacent, also subject, exposed"), as a noun, subiectus ("a subject, an inferior"), subiectum ("the subject of a proposition"), past participle of subiciō ("throw, lay, place"), from sub ("under, at the foot of") + iaciō ("throw, hurl"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • -- _Write five interrogative sentences, using the first word below as a subject; the second as a subject and then as a modifier of the subject; the third as a subject and then as a modifier of the subject_: --

    Higher Lessons in English A work on english grammar and composition

  • Knowing the anxiety that will be felt on this subject, though we doubt if the future King can be called _a subject_ at all, we have collected the following exclusive particulars: --

    Punch, or the London Charivari, Volume 1, November 20, 1841

  • Mr. Garnett having inquired what subject Butler and Jones would take up when they had finished “Narcissus, ” Butler said that they “might write an oratorio on some sacred subject”; and when Garnett asked whether they had anything in particular in mind, he replied that they were thinking of “The Woman Taken in Adultery.

    Samuel Butler: Diogenes of the Victorians

  • Note that this changes the return value in an array where every element is an array consisting of the matched string at index 0 and its string offset into $subject at index 1. offset: Normally, the search starts from the beginning of the subject string.

    Muti

  • If matches are found, the new subject will be returned, otherwise $subject will be returned unchanged. pattern: The pattern to search for, as a string or an array with strings. callback: A callback that will be called and passed an array of matched elements in the $subject string.

    Muti

  • $_POST [ "from"]; $subject = $_POST [ "subject"]; $message = $_POST [ "message"]; To specify from whom the e-mail is coming, use the optional fourth parameter for the mail () function, headers.

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  • Message = \% Text\% run, mailto: \% Who\%? subject = \% subject\%&body = \% Message\% winwaitactive, \% subject\%

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  • Loop, Repeater run, mailto: \% Who\%? subject = \% subject\%&body = \% Message\% winwaitactive, \% subject\%

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  • His words are, "to _yield obedience to_ the commands of a King, if against the true religion, against the ancient and fundamental laws of the land, is another sign of an ill subject:" -- "To _resist_ the lawful power of the King; to raise insurrection against the King; admit him adverse in his religion; _to conspire against his sacred person, or any ways to rebel, though commanding things against our consciences in exercising religion, or against the rights and privileges of the subject_, is an absolute sign of the disaffected and traitorous subject."

    Specimens of the Table Talk of Samuel Taylor Coleridge

  • (string) $this - > input - > post ( 'email', TRUE); $subject = (string) $this - > input - > post ( 'subject', TRUE);

    Pixel2Life.com: Latest 15 Tutorials

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  • Subject matter, king's subject; subject to torture.

    November 22, 2007